Bees, like all insects, are very tender, which is primarily manifested in the winter, during which bee families fall into anabiosis, reducing all life processes necessary for existence to a minimum, practically not moving or eating. Despite the fact that the bees remain immobile, winter is the most dangerous time of the year for them, since insects do not always get the right amount of food for the cold season, which can result in hunger and struggle for food, between strong and more its weak inhabitants, bees can perish, destroying not only themselves, but also the queen bee.
Scary bees and cold, the optimal temperature in the hive can not be below 1 degree Celsius and above 6 degrees. At low temperatures, bees can die, and at high temperatures they may find that spring has come on the street and try to leave the hive, which in winter’s cold is comparable to suicide.
Methods of keeping bees
In connection with this intolerance of winter cold, many beekeepers cover the hives with warm cushions of sawdust and moss for winter, wrap them with hay, or even practically bury them in the ground, thereby also damaging the bees in the beehive, depriving them of the necessary fresh air.
Another way of keeping bees is transferring the hives into a room called an oshanik.
In a beehive, bees are warm and cozy, but not so convenient, because the increase in temperature, as already mentioned, leads to disturbance of anabiotic sleep and an increase in activity, and hence the amount of food consumed, due to which it needs to be procured in large quantities, which is not always convenient.
Feed for bees for the winter
In order for the bees to survive the winter, it is necessary to leave them with a hive of some honey, carefully making sure that it is good and even better quality, and also to ensure that the honeycombs do not leave the so-called pade honey collected from stems and leaves of plants. Honey pomade is useful for humans in the same way as usual, but bees are not suitable, since it does not contain the nutrients necessary for wintering. Padewood is always of the lowest grade and before wintering it should be removed from the hive, highlighting the sharp smell and dark color.
In winter, bees eat honey, beginning to stock them in late August – September, because during this period, clean the hives from chalk should be only half, with the expectation that one family left at least 20-25 kilograms of honey, that is, not less than 2.5 kilograms per one frame.
In severe winters, bees should be inspected regularly, while trying not to disclose the hive, so as not to disturb the internal temperature.
Feeding of bees can be divided into two periods, the first begins from October to November and ends somewhere in February, at which time it is necessary to organize the feeding of bees with sugar syrup, and closer to March, transfer bees exclusively to the honey diet, because during this period active growth begins litters and lactating uteri need special nutrients.
Inspection of bees in winter
All bee hives in winter need to be examined not only for the adequacy of the food base, but also for the disease of bees. In winter, bees are often reproached, so you must stock up with sugar syrup and warm water, which you need to solder bees for diarrhea.
If the wintering of the bee family is accompanied by the death of the uterus, then the remaining bees should be added with great care to the family in which the uterus is still alive.
Thus, the wintering of bees requires special attention on the part of the beekeeper, since the quantity of honey in the summer depends on how many bees remain after the winter.
Hibernation of bees