Sheep have a certain classification of woolen cover and level of productivity. Wool of semi-coarse type, white or semi-blue is the main feature of semi-coarse sheep. A distinctive feature of these sheep is the high content of meat and fat in comparison with other breeds, and they are perfectly adapted to the Central Asian pastures, whether it be mountains or desert terrain.
Half-coarse sheep have a fleeces fleece. The fluff and roughness that characterize their woolen covering are good materials for making high-quality carpets. In addition, the sheep of the semi-coarse-wool breed produce wool for the production of blankets and furs. The best sorts of fibers go to the production of fabrics. Autumn and spring are two periods when the sheep have time to cut. There are several breeds of sheep, which are united by the name “half-coarse”.
Here are these breeds:
Tajik sheep got its name due to the terrain in which they were withdrawn. In the period from the 40s to the 60s of the twentieth century, in the household of the Tajik Research Institute, gissar’s queens were crossed with Sarajin sheep. A careful selection and cultivation of animals in pastures was carried out before it was possible to breed a new breed.
Tajik sheep are quite large, they have well developed skeleton with a wide chest and long legs. Fertility reaches 10 lambs per sheep.
The Sarajino breed of sheep is bred due to the selection of fattening species in the South-East of Turkmenistan. Fleece – from 12 to 20 cm. Dead hair is practically absent from these sheep, but their down, grown in large quantities, reaches 8 cm, and shiny white wool makes this breed one of the best for extraction of wool. Quality wool is used for the production of carpets. South of Turkmenistan with their sandy pastures is the best place for breeding Sarajin sheep. The litter is within 120 cubs per one hundred sheep.
Kargalinsky breed of sheep is famous for its endurance and ability to be productive even on poor pasture landscapes. Sheep are distinguished by a strong constitution, high meat and meat indicators, early maturity, and also long carpet wool. The body is strong, a strong bone with a wide loin. Fertility of the breed is about 110 cubs per one hundred sheep.
The Armenian breed of sheep was excavated in the period from the 30s to 80s of the twentieth century in Armenia. Armenian sheep are well adapted for mountain pastures, so they have strong physique and high meat production. Their distinctive characteristic is the white wool of the skeleton structure with pronounced shine, perfectly suitable for making carpets.
The content of down is from 40 to 60%. Sheep gives on average about 110 liters of milk, sometimes reaches 120 liters, with a fat content of 5.9%.
Characteristics of live weight and shearing of different breeds:
Tajik: sheep – 105-130 kg, sheep – 70-75 kg; nastrig – 4 kg in males and 2.5-2.8 kg in females.
Saradzhinsky: sheep – 90-100 kg, sheep – 65-75 kg; nastrig – 4-4.5 kg in males and 3-3.6 kg in females.
Kargalinsky: sheep – 100-110 kg, sheep – 60-65 kg; nastrig – 4,5-6 kg in males and 2,8-5,5 kg in females.
Armenian: sheep – 80-90 kg, sheep – 50-55 kg; nastrig – 2,5-3,5 kg in males and 1,5-2 kg in females.
Half-coarse sheep breeds