As you know, the natural habitat of Guinea fowls is characterized by a warm climate. They prefer to live in the steppes with small thickets, they also feel great in wooded areas with open glades. They can be found in the mountains, where there is enough vegetation to feed them. Although this bird and heat-loving it well suits well in colder countries. In addition, guinea fowls are perfectly used to domestic conditions.
Despite the fact that the bird likes to feel free and easy to walk around in nature, it can perfectly live in the poultry house. However, it still needs to be released for walks on fields or meadows. For the night the bird should be driven back into the shed. Otherwise, she will sleep on trees and may run wild.
For the maintenance of guinea fowls, the construction of a new house is not required. The room intended for chickens is quite suitable for them. At the same time, they can be placed in one enclosure, since guinea fowl is peace-loving bird, it does not get along with neighbors without problems. This species of birds has a fairly large size, so their number must be calculated based on the area of the room. At 1 square meter you can settle 2-3 guinea hens.
Bird keeping in summer
With the onset of heat guinea fowl can be let out on the ramp. The so-called pasture is recommended to fence. To do this, you can use a metal mesh. Its height should be at least 2 meters. This is done so that the bird does not escape. In this case it is worth considering that they know how to fly good. Therefore, the feathers located on the wings should be cut about 5-6 centimeters. This procedure is performed once a season.
In summer, when it is already quite warm and at night it does not get cold, guinea fowl can be kept on the street all day. At this time, you need to place the roosts in the same place.
The bird feeder should be of a suitable size so that all guinea fowl can eat at the same time. In addition, the water should always be clean water. It should be changed several times a day.
If there is no possibility to allocate territory specifically for pasture of guinea fowl, you can let go for walks, even in the garden. Since it is a very cultured bird, it does not pozaratsya for harvest. However, it does not rake the garden. Guinea fowl works as fine destroyers of weeds and all kinds of pests.
As a rule, guinea fowl keep a group. Birds quickly get used to the owners. You can say that they are a wonderful watchman. It is only necessary to appear in the courtyard to an outsider, they immediately raise a cry.
The maintenance of guinea fowls in the winter months
At this time, they must be kept in a warm and dry room. In doing so, it should be well ventilated. In the poultry house there should be a constant temperature of about 18-20 degrees. For litter on the floor you can pour dry grass or sawdust. It is necessary to clean the room once a month. A light day can last 14 hours or even longer. Nases can be arranged directly on the floor or at an altitude of 50-60 centimeters.
In nature guinea fowls form pairs. At home they do not need to be kept in pairs. One male for 3-4 females will be enough.
Feed this species of birds 3 times a day, both in winter and in summer. The best time for feeding is 6 am, 12 pm and 18 pm. To the weight of the bird was constantly normal, it should be weighed 1 time per month. Since they can transmit and quickly become fat. During the year, an adult can eat about 33-36 kilograms of cereals. In this case, it is necessary to monitor that the diet contains foods rich in vitamin A.