Groznenskaya breed of sheep, in contrast to Volgograd, was excavated in order to provide quality wool and rich cuttings. These sheep are classified as fine-fleeced breeds, with which Grozny individuals are considered to be among the most valuable in this segment.
The arid steppes, which became the first house for Grozny’s sheep, made them hardy and not whimsical to walk in semi-desert areas. The goal was set: to breed a breed of strong animals, with quality wool, which they will give in large volumes, but still have a large living mass.
From the name of the breed it becomes clear that sheep is directly related to the Dagestan Republic. And indeed, the breed was taken out there, although this breed has an admixture of foreign blood. Australian merinoes were chosen for crossing with new-Caucasian breeds. It is worth noting that the Australian Merinos were used for the same purposes as the Grozny breed – obtaining quality wool.
Australian animals have long adapted to the desert landscape, and this has complicated the work. The process of crossing began in the late 1920s and ended in the 50s of the twentieth century. By this time, the goal was achieved, but the improvement of the breed was carried on even further, for the production of animals with even better indicators of mass. When creating the Stavropol and Altai breeds, Grozny’s sheep were used.
Groznensky sheep are now bred in the arid zones of the Dagestan steppes, in Ingushetia and Kalmykia, in the Astrakhan region and in the Stavropol Territory.
Despite the fact that Grozny’s sheep are medium in size (height from 60 cm at the withers) and have a thin skeleton, their physique and constitution are remarkable for their remarkable fortress. The hock joints approach the legs. Sheep have pronounced horns, and the uterus horns are absent.
The entire body of the sheep is covered with small folds, and on the neck there are 1-2 folds in the queens, and in the rams – 3. The uterus weighs from 45 to 55 kg, and the sheep from 80 to 95 kg. Meat production of the Grozny breed of sheep is small, since this was a secondary goal in the breeding of the breed.
Particular attention should be paid to the wool of these animals. On the head and limbs they have hard hair, and the stomach has a thick long coat. The wool of Grozny’s sheep is soft, it is white and dense and high-quality, the length can reach 13 cm. They have a dense fleece, a semicircular and uniform tortuosity.
The majority of queens have wool quality of 64, but sometimes it is 70, and rams have a quality of 60-64, but there are also 58. Thanks to the quality of the fat, the fleece is less polluted. It is worth noting that in non-pedigree individuals the quality of the fleece is much lower, as is the equation of the wool along its length.
The haircut of the Grozny breed is, of course, high: on average about 7 kg in queens (up to 8 kg) and 15-16 kg in sheep (up to 18 kg). The net fiber at the outlet is 40 to 50%.
The uterus gives good fertility rates – 130-140 lambs per hundred queens, but the early maturity of the breed does not differ and only to 3,5 years the litter completely grows. Five months of lactation will give about 100 liters of milk, which is a good indicator of milk yield.
Grozny’s sheep are also valued for their high breeding values. Due to this quality, they are widely used to improve the woolen productivity of other breeds. Up to now, work is underway to improve the ability to transfer high quality indices of wool.
Grozny breed of sheep