All favorite tomatoes are grown throughout the territory of our large country. There is no such person who uses them in any dishes. After all, in summer we eat healthy, fragrant fresh salads, in winter canned vegetables with fried potatoes. Tomatoes and cucumbers are a godsend for dieticians. They are both nutritious and useful
You can grow tomatoes in two ways:
1. planted seedlings, then in late May – early June they landed in the open ground;
2. sowed seeds, grew seedlings and transplanted into a greenhouse. For many people – this is the most optimal and preferred method. There are so many advantages in it. And it is about the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse and will be discussed.
What are the advantages of growing tomatoes in greenhouse conditions?
Before talking about the advantages of greenhouse cultivation, it is worth noting the fact that for closed ground or for home planting of vegetables, you need to choose only special varieties. As a rule, these are hybrids. They well tolerate all manipulations, they do not need pollination and yield at them high
You can get a crop much earlier than when you wait for warm summer days for planting seedlings in the ground. After all, in a greenhouse transplant seedlings can be already in April. Hothouse conditions are more preferable, since there is no wind, no scorching sun, hail, showers and other negative influences from the outside, and in recent years the weather conditions are far from comfortable
In greenhouses tomatoes are not afraid and freezing, as during planting in the open ground. Seedlings will not be bothered by pests. Especially – this refers to Colorado beetles, which instantly destroy all planting. Growing tomatoes in a closed way is not difficult
An important point! To grow tomatoes in a greenhouse environment was at the proper level, it is necessary to take care of ventilation, since every time after watering the greenhouse needs to be opened. Also, the design should provide for the fact that the tomatoes will need to be tied up. That is, it should have a trellis or vertical ropes. Put the greenhouse on the sunny side of the plot.
How to transplant seedlings in a greenhouse
Once the seedlings have grown to 25-30 cm in height, they can already be transplanted into a greenhouse. By this time they must be strong, have a good aboveground and underground part. In this case, the temperature in the greenhouse can not be lower at night than 12-15 degrees. Otherwise, the seedlings will stop their growth, thinking that the cold came
Saplings in the greenhouse need to provide a good nutrient soil. To do this, in each well or row (depending on the method of planting) it is necessary to pour humus, peat, sand and sawdust. All ingredients are mixed together and poured into the wells. You can also add here mineral fertilizers
Before planting, you must prepare the soil in advance. Namely, it must be etched from diseases and pests. A good remedy is “Screening”. You can take the usual solution of potassium permanganate. The water temperature should be at least 60 degrees. After 5-7 days, you can proceed to a transplant
Planted seedlings, as a rule, in two ways – this: Chess order. In a row
In either case, the distance between the seedlings should not exceed 60 cm, since the yield will be reduced. This is because the bushes will begin to branch well, give an abundant green mass, but not fruits. It is also worth noting that the width of the tracks should not be less than 50-60 cm, otherwise it will be difficult to take care of the tomatoes
After the seedlings are planted in the soil, it is not watered for 10-14 days. This is to ensure that it does not stretch. Saplings will have enough of the water that was in the hole during the transplant
As the seedlings grow, she will need a garter. You already had to take care of this with the equipment for the greenhouse. Also, tomatoes need to get rid of stepchildren. After watering, always ventilate the greenhouse, so that there is no stagnation of moisture, and insects may come for pollination
Also tomato for the whole period of vegetation will need 3 additional fertilizing. Use as a fertilizer can be both mineral complex preparations, and organic. The first fertilizing is carried out not earlier than 3 weeks after disembarkation. Further, 2 more fertilizing after 10-14 days each
These are the basic principles of growing tomatoes in greenhouse conditions. As you can see, there is nothing complicated here. Caring care for seedlings will pay off a rich harvest.
Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse