To get a new kind and variety of grapes are inoculated, this is the most common method for obtaining novelties and the newest hybrid forms of grapes. The method of plant grafting passed a large number of tests. In practice, you can use different methods of planting plants and choose the most effective and best method.
In gardening, a method such as grafting is often used and a cultivated plant with a high yield is obtained. It always affects the growth and life of plants. From the choice of stock, it depends on how the grafted seedlings will grow and what they will yield in the future. Distinguish between the stock and the graft. A stock is a plant with the formation of a leaf and a root system, and a prick is when a stem, flowers, leaves or fruits from another plant are planted to the plant.
To make the plant more durable, plant the shoot of the stem to the stem of another plant or to the root, and often the plant is planted to the uncultivated. There is another method called the sleeping kidney. In this case, the kidney is grafted to the stem of the rootstock, after healing, the stem must be cut above the kidney and an escape from the kidney is formed. To get the vaccine successful, the tissues of the surviving plants must be healthy, not damaged. Until severe frosts come, cuttings are prepared in advance.
In order to get a good harvest of grapes, it is necessary to store the plant in moist and slightly frozen filings, the layer should not exceed 20-30 cm. The grafting depends on the quality of the cuttings. Often there is a huge bush of grapes, which grew for several years, but the benefits as before from it became much less. To uproot it is a reluctance, since it is possible to obtain excellent taste of grapes with the help of vaccination.
For the third year after vaccination, a good harvest can be expected, due to the fact that the old roots will restore the vineyard bush in a short time. The whole part, which is above the ground, is cut and cleaned in late autumn or winter, before the onset of spring. You can use two options – this is a cleavage of the stem and a green shoot.
To use the graft in the cleavage, you need a certain time of the year, it is usually done in the month of May, by this time the grape wort ceases. Before you can get vaccinated, you need to update and remove the old tissue. The thickness of the stem plays a role, it is possible to make one cleavage, but if the thickness is large, two clefts are made, to allow the inoculation of 2-4 cuttings.
Cuttings should be in good and good condition to get a good vaccination. In order to preserve the greatest amount of nutrients, cuttings should be kept in a cool place and the temperature should not exceed 2 ° C. The cut should have 1 or 2 eyes, this means that it should be shortened. Before planting the plant, the cuttings are soaked for two days in water at room temperature with the addition of a growth stimulant.
Cuttings must be sharpened and carefully inserted into the cleavage, then wrapped around with a stretch plastic film and you can put on the cap on top, which you can make yourself. The place where the vaccine and the stalk is located must necessarily be covered with earth so that it covers 3-5 centimeters.
Approximately 1,5-2 months, the growth of vaccinations begins and at this time the film is slightly retracted or completely removed. If carefully to take care of the grafted plant, the shoots of the scion begin to ripen well and eventually reach a certain growth and turn into a beautiful bush. Properly grafted plants usually bring an excellent harvest with an unusual taste.