Sheep of Gorky breed got their name due to the area in which they were withdrawn, namely the Gorky region of the then USSR. The breed was withdrawn for almost twenty-five years, from 1935-36 to the 1960s of the twentieth century. It is worth noting that the breed was withdrawn by 1950, and until the 1960s its improvement was carried out.
Gorky sheep are classified as semi-fine-grained breeds – according to the production classification. Zoological classification refers them to short-haired sheep. Type – meat-wool. This breed is often compared to the Hampshire sheep, and this is justifiable, because the Gorky breed was derived by crossing the northern northern coarse-wool coarse sheep with the Hampshire sheep that were brought from England.
Hemppshire sheep themselves took root badly, because of the severe northern climate, but as a result of crossing they gave the best qualities to local sheep whose productivity was low.
For comparison: the local sheep had a weight of about 24-38 kg, and wool gave from 1 to 1.6 kg. And although they had weak meat forms, but the climate was not a hindrance to their fertility and development. A Hampshire ram is about 85 kg with a haircut of 3.8-4 kg. Because of the conditions unusual for the Hampshire sheep, they eventually began to give less wool, and after a few years most of them dropped out altogether. And the breed, derived from imported rams, turned out very successful – showed a high level of productivity and generally well adapted to the Russian climate.
The constitution of Gorky sheep is the following picture: from the barrel-shaped body there is a neck of medium length, on which there is a short and wide head. Breast is wide, dewlap is well developed. Meat forms in these sheep are pronounced, and in general the constitution is strong. Thanks to muscular legs, wide back and sacrum, sheep of Gorky breed are rather hardy. White wool covers all of their body (up to 10 cm long), except for the head, legs and ears – those are covered with dark hair.
The growth of sheep is 65-71 cm, and the sheep – 70-75 cm. The sheep of Gorky breed are famous for their fertility – almost 130%, and sometimes even up to 160% .The six-month-old lambs weigh 35-40 kg. For comparison: the adult ram weighs about 90 kg (maximum 130 kg), and the uterus – 60 kg (maximum up to 90 kg). The milk indicator is high (from 130 to 155 liters of milk, 120 days of the lactation period). Sheep give an average of 5-6 kg of wool, and the uterus – 3-4 kg. The index of pure wool varies from 55 to 65%.
This breed has its drawbacks concerning the quality of wool cutting. The Gorky rocks have a small shave: sheep give 4-4.5 kg of wool, and the uterus is 3-3.7 kg. There is a high dispersion in the fleece tint, but in non-tribal flocks the runo is rather heterogeneous.
The most extensive herds of Gorky sheep are in the Nizhny Novgorod region, but there are herds of small sizes in the Samara and Saratov regions.
Gorky sheep breed