In nature wild goats are engaged in mating in the autumn-winter period, from October to December. Since the goat’s pregnancy lasts five months, the birth occurs in the spring. Nature provides such a cycle, because warm spring and summer time are favorable for growing and feeding offspring. With regard to domesticated goats, due to changes in diet and maintenance, their habits have changed, and mating may occur at any time of the year.
Therefore, farmers can use this to run goats twice a year. From 10 to 14 days after the birth of kids, the goat is ready again to mating. The goat can be seen immediately at the goat, the animal starts to declare itself, bleat all the time, behaves not calmly, loses its appetite, swells the genitals, the tail moves away, with the slightest touch on the back, the female squats – these are obvious signs. Hunting in goats lasts three days, the first time can happen already at the age of four months. Since this is still a baby, you should not take her with a goat. When the goat collects a body weight of about 35 kg, this is about a nine-month age, then you can start it.
The interval between hunting in females is about 20 days. There are cases when the goat does not show a hunt for a long time, then it is necessary to close it in the same room with a goat for several days. Also, the feeding of goats affects feeding, the more abundant and varied the food, the earlier this period comes. After the beginning of heat, approximately 6 hours later, the mating may begin. Goats and goats are planted in a single pen, you need to monitor the animals to be confident in the process. When a goat makes one cage, it must be briefly taken away, the animals relax and again be driven into one room for repetition. In total, they must make two cages. After which they are again separated. Do not leave them together for a short time. To be sure of the fertilization of the goat, it is worth paying attention to the process of mating. When the goat, in addition to weak tremors, will make a strong one, the goat will bend over, then the mating is fruitful, the whole process lasts about 5 seconds. If possible, a meeting of a goat and a goat can be repeated, in 5-6 hours, for an accurate result.
This mystery must occur in a calm environment, so that the animals are not afraid of extraneous noise, were relaxed. The goat’s powers are not unlimited, so it is not necessary to overload it, a day it can fertilize a maximum of two goats, all other attempts are likely to be empty. Also it is necessary to pay attention to the age of the goat, it is desirable to select an older one, from 1.5 years, if the male is younger, the goat is unlikely to let him, his smell will be weak and will not attract the female. It will be better if your goat, so you can protect against diseases of both females and future offspring. During the mating, the female can be transferred some viruses: arthritis-encephalitis, aspergillosis, tuberculosis, brucellosis and others. Even if the goat is healthy, but before participating in a mating with a sick mastitis goat, it can also infect yours.
It is also necessary to avoid ties between the native female and the male (mother and son, sister and brother, father and daughter). To understand that the goat is fertilized, you need to observe the udder, in a month and a half or two, it will become more rounded and dense, the nipples will swell, if a person touches the udder, the goat begins to crouch reflexively. Pregnant goats behave more calmly than before, it improves appetite, in the second half of pregnancy it is necessary to supplement the female with chalk (10 grams). And for a month and a half before the birth, you need to stop milking, only gradually, each time reducing the frequency, but you need to squeeze out all milk to avoid udder diseases.