Goats are more prone to various infectious and non-contagious diseases than other animals. Even a person who does not have a special education can detect the presence of the disease, for this it is only necessary to conduct a daily inspection of the animal and monitor its behavior and appearance. Rapid breathing, from the heat of the animal, reduced appetite, refusal to give milk – all these are clear signs of the disease, which must be treated immediately.
Most goats suffer from such diseases as brucellosis, mastitis, necrobacteriosis, hoof rot and foot and mouth disease.
Brucellosis is considered an extremely dangerous contagious disease, and its danger is great not only for the animals themselves, but for humans. There are no special features in the treatment, it is carried out exclusively by a veterinarian, who can recommend the most drastic measures, down to slaughtering the animal and destroying all livestock products, including milk and meat obtained from sick animals. Brucellosis is transmitted only when it comes to contact with infected individuals.
No less dangerous disease is also considered infectious mastitis, which can be determined by swelling of the udder. The udder literally bursts out in front of your eyes, it turns red, it becomes very hot, the animal does not just worry, but publishes prolonged bleating sounds whenever you try to touch it, the body temperature of the animal can reach 42 degrees. In the advanced stage of mastitis, perhaps the appearance of blood in the secretions, the animal lies on its side and no longer rises, without treatment, its death is imminent. In order to reduce the danger of death of a goat, it should be transferred to heat, do not give water and juicy forages, so that for some time milk stops accumulating in the udder. The udder should be constantly massaged and squeezed, despite the fact that the goat such a process will be clearly unpleasant.
If a goat grazes in swamps or has managed to get drunk with marsh water, then a few days later its owner can expect the first signs of the development of necrobacteriosis, a contagious disease characterized by the appearance on the fingers of hoof goats of purulent abscesses, very painful for the animal and poorly treatable. In addition, the disease can be affected by the mucosa and the space around the goat’s mouth. You can treat the disease solely with the help of antibiotics, the prescription for which the doctor should prescribe. After recovery, the room in which the sick goat was kept should be disinfected, and the litter on which she slept is burned.
When a bubble and redness appear on the surface of the animal’s mucosa, its owner must immediately call a veterinarian, as the symptoms noted may be characteristic of the most dangerous disease that many animals suffer from – foot and mouth disease. Foot and mouth disease is affected exclusively by young goats, less often old, the animal starts bleeding, salivation increases, signs of lameness appear. The disease is extremely dangerous, as it is transmitted with great speed and without proper treatment can destroy the entire herd. The best treatment in case of detection of the lizard is quarantine and disinfection of wounds and the room itself, in which the infected animals are.
Less common, but still common diseases of goats are simple colds, slight inflammation of the udder, covering the nipples with cracks, diarrhea, inflammation of the stomach, stomach colic, rheumatism and parasite infestation. Their treatment is not difficult at all and can therefore be done on their own.
Goat diseases and their treatment