Goose is considered the first bird tamed by man. To date, breeding geese at home farmstead is considered to be the most profitable occupation, because after 2-3 months of intensive fattening from one goose it is possible to get a few pounds of young pleasant taste of meat.
In just 70 days of fattening the goose of a large breed can reach a weight of 5 kilograms, with the minimum amount of fat. Goose fat begins to accumulate in the carcass from about 4 months of age, which, however, does not affect the final cost of the bird, since goose fat is not only well absorbed by the body, but also has a low melting point, which is why it cooks food on it much faster than on a pig, or mutton.
Most of the day’s light time, geese should spend in the open, preferably on grazing, or a river. Geese perfectly master the fodder, especially they like plantain, dandelion and yarrow, therefore in summer you can save considerably on the purchase of vitamins and forage for geese. An adult mature goose consumes up to 2 kilograms of green fodder per day, which allows you to virtually abandon the dry food and mixtures.
In favor of the pasture content of geese is also the fact that the gosling from birth to 2 years of age, kept indoors, eats more than 12 kilograms of dry food, 3 kilograms of additives and 30 kilograms of greens. Free movement through pasture significantly reduces the cost of dry food, increasing the amount of green.
In the pasture, geese are driven out early in the morning, and it is not necessary to graze the grazing, the geese are so clever that they are far from the house and can easily find the way back.
In the evening, geese should be placed in a closed pen or a barn. An important condition for keeping the birds in the barn, regardless of the time of the year, is the presence on the floor of a dry straw litter. Geese are thermophilic, because any hypothermia of their legs can provoke the development of dangerous diseases.
Adult geese, geese on eggs and young animals should be kept in different paddocks, if necessary, cover the nest with a wooden or paper box with holes for air intake. This precautionary measure does not allow the hens to jump at a noise, or leave the nest at the first desire.
An important condition for keeping geese at the farmstead is the organization of constant access to drinking water. Tanks with water should be placed also in grazing, or in a pen, the number of them directly depends on the number of goose family.
At the end of summer and early autumn, the geese begin the moulting period, at which time farmers usually arm themselves with scissors and are taken for a haircut. Shaved feathers and down are used to fill pillows, featherbeds and mattresses.
The room in which the geese are kept should be small, but well ventilated, the presence of a small draft is entirely permissible. A shed, or pen, where geese are at night, should be clean, so it is necessary to provide in advance the ways and methods of cleaning the room from manure and food residues. Usually for these purposes use a turf broom and clean straw. Cleaning should be done at least once a week, while trying to ensure that the floor to the arrival of geese completely dried up. In the heat, the geese should be left open, so that the air stagnant there during the night could become weathered.
So, growing geese is not difficult at all, the main thing is to observe basic hygiene requirements, and also to feed and water birds in a timely manner.
Geese at the Compound