This breed appeared in the distant 17th century, when the Netherlands was under Spain. Close cultural interactions between the inhabitants of the two countries contributed to the development of horse breeding. As a result, Spanish horses and Dutch conventional horses began crossing on farms. So the Frisian breed appeared.
Julius Caesar spoke positively about friezes, he believed that this breed came to the lands of the Roman Empire with the conquering Celts. Some data on the frieze also left the Roman historian Tacitus, who lived in the 1st century AD. He noted that these horses were distinguished by endurance and fearlessness, however, in appearance they were completely unattractive.
In the XVII-XIX centuries, friezes used mainly peasants and adjutants. At that time friezes were valued solely for their main virtue – speed. At that time friezes were the fastest horses, they could run a kilometer in 120 seconds.
Appearance of the Frisian breed
The horses of this breed are distinguished by a high-ranking neck with a noticeable bend in the middle. The head is practically the same as the rest of the breeds. The head of the Frisian horse is large and slightly elongated. If you look at the horse in profile, then the head has almost perfectly smooth contours.
The main feature of the horse is his legs, covered with thick wool above the hoofs in the form of a brush. It is because of this feature that the horses got their name. The long wool on the mane with a tail is also striking.
Nowadays the Friesian horse is known only in one color – in black. Although at the beginning of the twentieth century black coloration was considered a deviation from the norm, since most of the friezes were bay-colored. Chronicles have survived, claiming that during the Middle Ages there were even chubarous representatives of the Frisians.
The visiting card of the Frisian horse is its high move. However, her grace in some circles is regarded as a drawback. Especially high rate was poorly valued and in the Middle Ages, when the horses required stamina and fearlessness, and not grace.
A mature specimen of the Friesian horse has a growth of 150 cm from the withers. Despite its great growth, friezes surprisingly combine grace and power. This breed has a well-developed musculature and stocky long legs, confidently standing on the ground.
For a long time of evolution friezes have acquired amazingly strong health. They are almost immune to different types of pathogens. Practice has shown that friezes also coping well with new diseases, hitherto unknown to science. In most cases friezes come out victorious in the fight with the disease.
The character of the Friesian horse
Friezes are of a balanced nature. Their calmness is highly appreciated by teachers of riding. This breed is often used for the first acquaintance with the pupil’s horse. The tranquility of nature is closely interwoven with coolness. This breed perfectly copes with different tasks. They are used for eating under the saddle or at the exit. They are also often harnessed to celebrations.
Natural grace and nobility are perfectly combined with solemn moments. Friezes are not afraid of a large crowd of people and loud sounds, which once again speaks of their cold-bloodedness and calm.
At first glance at the Frisian horse, the idea often arises that such a noble horse requires special care. However, this opinion is incorrect, since friezes are absolutely not choosy either in food or in the person who is currently in the saddle. They calmly skate everyone who wants to learn it.
Friesian breed of horses