Potatoes are called second bread. Since it was brought to our country in the 15th century, it’s been a long time. Yes, only now the relevance and relevance of it has not diminished. Potato is considered one of the main dishes on our table
Fertilizers for potatoes, are they needed? Every year, as a rule, according to tradition, on May holidays all summer residents begin to plant potatoes. This process unites families and yards, as well as the moment when the potatoes are excavated. Previously, little thought about such a question as fertilizers. We introduced fertilizing on a rare site, but times have changed. The volume of consumption has increased significantly, which means that the load on the soil has also increased
Nowadays many summer residents began to meet the problem that potatoes are getting smaller and smaller during harvesting. It is natural. After all, if you do not make top dressing, then with every new crop the soil becomes poorer, therefore, it can no longer produce the former tubers
One square meter of the potato harvest takes 20 grams of nitrogen from the soil, about 50 grams of potassium oxide, about 5-6 grams of magnesium and up to 10 grams of phosphoric acid, and in part, zinc, boron, manganese, copper. As you can see, this is a lot. Therefore, replenishing the fertile layer in the soil is vitally necessary.
What fertilizers to make during planting for potatoes?
It should be noted that potatoes absorb little of those top-dressings that are introduced already at the moment when shrubs grow. All top dressing is best done during planting. Also, a great way to enrich the land is to plant the plant-siderates, and make compost pits every winter
With regard to other fertilizers, it can be:
- reparted manure. Potatoes are very fond of him, experience has shown that even a bucket of manure can give ten buckets of planted potatoes. To bring it in, you need to calculate for ten acres of 2 tons. On average, one ton gives 5.5 kg of nitrogen, 3.5 kg of calcium, and 2 kg of phosphoric acid, 1.5-2 kg of magnesium, and 5-6 kg of potassium oxide; bird droppings. Very strong fertilizer, with highly concentrated. Therefore, it is only diluted in proportion: 1 part of the litter to 15 parts of water. Otherwise, you can burn the crop. Under a bush to pour it is necessary on 1 liter; wood ash. This is a very valuable product for potatoes. He absorbs it well and responds to the harvest, it has many useful components, as well as potassium, phosphorus, magnesium. You need to bring in 5-10 kg per one hundred square meters; from siderates to potatoes, it is best to plant vetch, lupine, pea, sweet clover, alfalfa, since they give the soil a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus. And this is the most necessary for the potato; if we talk about mineral fertilizers, then in our time there are many different fertilizing. They contain the optimal balance for each individual culture. All calculations are specified by the manufacturers on the package. An effective complex fertilizer, which has proved itself, is considered “Kemira”.
Nitroammofoska is very popular among summer residents. It gives good results. During planting, you need to make 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per well; bone flour. It gives high yields, increases the starchiness of tubers. Put on a spoon on the hole; For foliar top dressing, ammonium nitrate is suitable. It is necessary to dilute 40 grams of fertilizer per 10 liters of water. Here you can add superphosphate 200 grams, potassium salt 10 grams, copper sulfate 2 grams
It is worth noting that it is already proved that when fertilizers are introduced into the hole and not scattered throughout the site, the potatoes grow larger, juicy, the quality of the crop is better
Potatoes are very fond of mineral top dressing, but they will help him not only to give good tubers, but also to bring possible damage from an overabundance. So all doses should be observed strictly according to the recommendations on the package
Do not neglect organic fertilizers, because – it is an environmentally friendly top dressing that saturates the soil with all useful macro and microelements, it is digested completely, and helps the roots take from the soil those compounds that were previously difficult for them to access.
Fertilizer for potatoes when planting