Felt cherry has many advantages over other types of garden trees:
- fruits have a sweet taste, a small sourish is possible, they are very fragrant and tender; in the pulp of berries are a lot of vitamin C, polysaccharides and substances that have a positive effect on digestion, blood circulation, heart muscle and blood pressure; during flowering is insanely beautiful, so often used as decorative decoration of the site; Fruit begins already in the second year; ripening starts from the end of June, cherries do not fall off for a long time; There are a lot of berries on one tree; stand for drought and frost; there is no root shoot; rarely becomes infected with coccomicosis.
Despite the large number of advantages, this sort of cherries have a minus. The most significant are the following:
- In ten years the tree is already becoming old; it is necessary to cut off branches to prevent thickening; is subject to moniliosis; fruits do not tolerate transport and store them for a relatively short period of time; self-fertilized, that is, next to it, it is necessary to plant other varieties that perform the role of pollinators, if they are not harvested you can not wait.
Observing the basic rules for the content of a felt cherry, you can easily cope with a few shortcomings, taking advantage of all its many advantages. The planting is best performed in the early spring before the buds dissolve or in the early autumn (in September). If you have purchased seedlings before, it is best to dig them before the time of planting.
Features of the planting of a felt cherry
- the place must be sunny, without possible stagnation of water; the soil must be sandy loam or loamy; the pit for planting should be a diameter and a depth of up to 50 cm; The landing pit is filled with a mixture consisting of earth, phosphorus, manure, potassium and lime; for a better development of the lateral roots, it is necessary to cut the root system by 20 cm; The roots of the seedlings are lowered into a chatterbox of clay; after planting the seedling, the land is compacted and watered abundantly; to reduce watering and adjust the soil moisture, the ground next to the cherry seedlings should be covered with peat.
Planting felt cherries is carried out not only by seedlings, but also cuttings, bones and layers.
Care for cherry cherry: basic rules
After the cherry blossoms, it is necessary to carry out its fertilizing with mineral fertilizer, which contains nitrogen, and a complex of other vitamins. Top dressing is carried out along the edge of the circle
Loosening the ground in this case should not be large (up to 4 cm in depth), so as not to cause injury to the roots. In autumn, fertilization is carried out with fertilizers that do not contain nitrogen, to exclude the growth of shoots
Watering is moderate. Excessive dampness reduces the growth of cherries, adversely affects the preparation for wintering and yield
In order to form a neat bush, 1-year-old seedlings must be cut to 40 cm. The lateral branches are shortened by 1/3 of the length from the second year of tree life. Trimming long branches is necessary on a regular basis
Do not allow thickening of branches in the center of the tree. Branches are trimmed in early spring. For a good harvest, there are enough 9-10 strong shoots. First of all, patients who have been harvesting for a year, old and unsuccessfully located branches are cut off
To a felt cherry every year to please you with a great harvest, you can not run a tree. Careful care will avoid such a disease as moniliosis. In case of infection of one tree in the garden, this disease can easily be transferred to other stone fruit trees growing on the garden plot.