Sheep-breeders represent a special value for any farm, because the quality of the sperm depends not only on the number of fertilized queens, but also the ability to transfer the properties of the breed by inheritance. Mindful of this function of the sheep, it is necessary to pay special attention to the fodder base harvested for these animals.
In large farms, where such sheep can number up to a dozen pieces, the feed is purchased and brought exclusively for them. A good producer is very expensive, because the farmers try to extend by any means not only the life of the ram, but also its capacity for active sexual activity, using for this purpose high-quality environmentally friendly feed.
Feeding Producers in Summer
With the onset of the first warm days of sheep, including sheep, they are driven out to pasture, where they can eat the usual fodder. The stocks, rich in field and sown herbs, provide the sheep with adequate nutrition, virtually eliminating the need for artificial feeding and concentrated feeds. The amount of concentrated feed this period is usually reduced and adjusted to 600-700 grams per head.
In addition, in summer the sheep are fed a large number of beets, cabbage, root crops, as well as beans and grasses. Many farmers feed a large amount of hay to the sheep, but it is better not to do this in the summer, if possible, trying to replace hay with fresh green grass.
Feeding rams in winter and autumn
With the transfer of sheep to stall maintenance, the number of nutrients in the feed is reduced, which in respect of sheep-producers should not be allowed. In winter, the daily diet of rams should consist of not less than 40% of the well-dried hay of leguminous and cereal grasses, 25% of juicy forages and 45% of concentrated forage.
The amount and variety of feed that a good sheep should consume does not depend on the climatic zone in which the sheep are kept. In winter, one ram per day is obliged to eat at least 2 kilograms of hay, of which not less than 300 grams of legumes, as well as 2.5 kilograms of silage and 800 grams of concentrates.
The main thing about what should not be forgotten when feeding rams of producers is the importance of adherence to a strict diet for them. The sheep fattened on a rich feed will not be able to produce the necessary quantity of quality sperm.
Feeding rams during mating
Approximately 2 months before the expected breeding period, the sheep are transferred to a special feeding regimen, trying to introduce into the nutritional diet as much as possible a variety of well-eaten food. At this time, farmers increase the amount of juicy and green fodder, root crops, cereal and bean hay in the diet of rams. Special benefit at this time brings red young carrots, silage, grain of oats, barley, wheat and corn.
Increase the amount of sperm can be simply by adding to the usual food fodder yeast, bone meal and skim milk.
The annual norm of hay for one adult sheep is not less than 3 centners, silage – not less than 3.5 centners, concentrated forage – 4 centners, oil cakes – 17 tons, return – 40 liters, green forage – 11.5 centners, salt – 3.5 kilograms, phosphorous fertilizing – 4 kilograms.
Sheep ready for mating should consume at least 1 kilogram of sugar beet per day, half a kilogram of carrots, 1.5 kilograms of leguminous hay, 1 kilogram of legume hay, 100 grams of oil cakes, as well as 1 liter of milk, or a liter of milk.
It is extremely important not to forget that sheep need not only to acquire useful for the development of quality sperm feed, but also to feed properly. Compliance with the regime and the periodization of feeding have a direct impact on the development of livestock.