Quality timely nutrition is the key to success in breeding quails. Particular attention should be given to the quality of feed: it must be fresh, dry enough (friable), diverse (be of plant and animal origin), contain the necessary amount of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. All these requirements are met by ready-mixed feeds, which are purchased in specialized stores, but mixtures can be made by yourself. One quail per month takes about a kilogram of feed.
When preparing the mix, it is necessary to take into account the following features:
– the mixture must be friable in order to avoid sticking food on the beak, clogging the nostrils, feathering the pen, so in the liquid feed necessarily added some grain;
– the dry food can be filled in for the future, but the liquid should not stay there longer than 2 hours, because has the property of quickly perekisat that can lead to poisoning of pets;
– 1/5 part of the daily diet should be presented with protein food (meat from it / whole cooked), fish (flour / boiled carcasses), dry milk, cottage cheese, eggs with shell (which will enrich the food with micronutrients), feed, used usually for breeding fish (dried gomarus, oparysh, daphnia, etc.));
– every day the quail should receive vitamins with food, the daily norm of which is equivalent to 1 polyvitaminized pellet for ten birds;
– feed should be enriched with microelements, for which they add crushed eggshells, milled shells of mollusks, chalk (fodder or ordinary school), and fine gravel (up to 2 mm);
– it is necessary to introduce in the ration of quails greens and fruits with vegetables, however in a limited number, because their surplus leads to the fact that the laying hens cease to be carried.
As for the diet, it is necessary to feed adult birds 3-4 times a day. Quails of meat breed need to be fed more abundantly, and laying hens are more modest: it is better to leave them in a state of half starvation than to overfeed. Excess food in laying hens can lead to a decrease in the number of eggs laid.
Since quails have fast growth rates, a high degree of egg production, they are particularly sensitive to the composition of the feed. The food must necessarily contain the required amount of amino acids, which are a limiting factor in the development of young birds and the egg-laying of adults. The essential amino acids required for quail are lysine, tryptophan, cystine, methionine. In ready feed mixes, their quantity is balanced, when preparing the feed, they must take into account their content. Most of the amino acids in excess are contained in feeds of animal origin.
Lysine is responsible for the normal development of the musculoskeletal system of the bird, for the formation of red blood cells, for optimizing the reproductive function of the bird. Tryptophan is important at the stage of fetal embryonic development. Its deficiency causes anemia of the embryo, a decrease in the body’s resistance. In adult birds, he is responsible for the normal development of the feather cover, for the health of the reproductive system, for the production of a sufficient amount of hemoglobin in the blood.
Cystine provides a good quality bird feather, protects the body of quails from infections, prevents the occurrence of cirrhosis of the liver.
Methionine affects the development of young quails, participates in the basic metabolic processes in the body, is a source of sulfur, and also takes part in the formation in the body of amino acids such as cystine, choline, creatine, serine, etc.
In addition to all the above, it is necessary to pay special attention to the carbohydrate-fat balance of feeds. Excessive caloric intake can lead to the death of the bird.