Goats are not just domestic animals that you can feed a couple of times a day and forget. People breed goats to get any benefit from them, be it wool, fluff or milk and sour-milk products. Therefore, it is very important to monitor the nutrition of their wards, so that they remain healthy, strong, happy and then their fruitfulness will grow. In addition, from the health and strength of the animal, the quality and number of offspring will depend, and this fact is very important.
During pregnancy, the goat must eat well. This period lasts about 5 months, it becomes clear that the female is fertilized only for the third month of pregnancy, when the stomach begins to grow. As soon as it becomes noticeable, you need to actively monitor the food of the trolley. If the feeding of a pregnant goat is not good enough, then the fetus begins to develop, pulling all the most useful from the reserves of the goat itself. Then it is not necessary to count on a good milk yield and quality offspring. The milk yield decreases by 30-40%, compared to the goats that were fed well.
To avoid cases of loss of calves or diseases during pregnancy, one can not:
– give food for goats spoiled and moldy fodder,
– very cold water for drinking,
– waste from the kitchen, silage, a lot of root crops,
– juicy foods cause fermentation, if you give them a lot,
– to change the ration of feeding very sharply
After giving birth, the goat should be drunk with warm water. During the first three days after the birth of goats, the goat is fed very qualitatively, only well digested food, food is not abundant. Then the portions begin to increase. Bran, silage and various root crops have a positive effect on milk yield. For baby goats, it is also necessary to create favorable conditions for feeding immediately. They must develop well, in order to fully realize their genetic potential.
In winter, the main food for a goat is hay. It is a very good source of nutrients, hay making is better than green. To harvest well suited grass legumes, cereals, as well as grasses. A normal portion of hay for an adult goat per day is 2 – 2.3 kg. For kids up to a year – 1 kg per day. Branches of acacia, linden, birch branches and leaves are very tasty for goats and are nutritious. Straw is also used for their nutrition, but in combination with other different foods full of nutrients. Goats are very fond of succulent fodder, they include fruits (pears and apples), any vegetables and silage. You need to wash and cut into pieces vegetables and fruits, before you treat goats, so it will be more convenient.
A dairy goat consumes about 1 kg per day of mixed fodder, sometimes it is replaced with bran, it is better partially, and also mixed with the leftovers from the table, but they should be welded. Salt is important for horns, it is necessary to give it, about 7 gr for a goat’s milk and about 10g for a dairy goat. Chalk, vitamins and bone meal should also be part of the goat’s diet. Stable period lasts about six months, for this time it will take about 400 kg of hay per adult goat. For kids up to a year – 250 kilograms per head.
In summer, the main food is grass from pasture. On the day the goat eats about 8 kg of grass, at first glance, it seems a lot, but in reality, the goat will not bring much milk, only about 2 liters, so you need to feed it with beans, oats, corn. In its entirety, it is not worth giving, it is necessary to grind, for better assimilation by the body. To milled food has not caused a cough, you need to moisten it with water a little. Salt in summer is also needed, about 1 teaspoon (20 g) per day, for one individual, well, if the salt is iodized. As in winter and in the summer time, one should not forget about water, a goat should always have access to it.