On the territory of Russia, nomadic sheep breeding has long been widely spread, providing for the transition of large flocks of sheep from pasture to pasture in search of water and food.
This variety of sheep breeding reached enormous proportions in the 19th century after the introduction in the Kazakh steppes of a new resistant to prolonged transitions, as well as the lack of food and water, the Edilbaev breed of sheep. Edilbaevskaya sheep, her homeland, can consider the space between the Volga and the Urals, where she appeared as a result of several difficult years for local home-grown breeders.
Naturally, more than 2 centuries ago speeches about special works on crossing did not go, the new breed appeared as rather an unexpected positive result of inter-tribal information of Astrakhan coarse-wooled rams with Kazakh sheepskin sheep. The resulting offspring were crossed several more times, including among themselves, until the drought-resistant and sparse sustenance of the breed was obtained. The deduced sheep were practically immune to heat and cold, could be in motion all day, do not require much food and water. The breed belongs to the meat-greasy direction in the livestock sector.
External signs of the breed
Edilbaevskie sheep have a strong constitution, which, in fact, allows them to move with great speed for long distances. All sheep without exception have a well developed Kurdyuk. The breed is characterized by a complete absence of horns, including rams, whose height at the withers exceeds 80 centimeters, while the uterus is somewhat lower.
Sheep weigh in average 60-70 kilograms, the weight of sheep reaches 120 kilograms. Lambs enter the active phase of growth and weight gain in the second month of life, gaining weight with excellent speed. Lambs are born large, the weight of a small sheep usually reaches 6 kilograms, the weight of females is several grams less than the indicated figure. By the age of 1.5, the animal weighs up to 80 kilograms, but lambs can be slaughtered already in 4 months with a lamb weight of about 25 kilograms and a kurbyuk weight of about 3-5 kilograms.
The uterus does not differ fertility, mostly in the litter of one lamb, the birth of twins and triplets is a rarity.
Using high-quality fodders, with a high concentration of nutrients, farmers manage to obtain lambs weighing up to 50 kilograms already by the 4th month of life, which can not but speak in favor of breeding this particular breed.
It should be noted once again that the sheep of this breed eat everything that farmers offer them, since they contain genes that allow them to find food where it does not seem to exist. Sheep penetrate between the stones and get the grass from the most hidden corners, can eat dead wood, fallen leaves and stems of plants.
They feed the sheep with hay, cereals, juicy and green fodder. If there are a lot of corn on the farm, many owners prefer to feed the sheep with this product, which is more profitable with respect to the Edilbaev breed of sheep, since corn allows a large amount of fat to be collected.
If the goal is not to increase the sebaceous qualities of the breed, then maize feeding should be avoided, trying to replace it with other feeds – wheat, hay, oats, straw, pumice, bran, or silage.
Like all sheep, the Edilbaev breed needs a certain amount of salt and useful vitaminized supplements that improve the general condition of the animal, which affects the quality of meat and wool.
In addition to wool, meat and lard from one sheep, you can get up to 150 liters of milk, used for making cheeses, oils and other products.
Edilbaevskaya sheep breed