There are several basic ways of processing and dressing rabbit skins.
The lowest quality, but the most laborious and at the same time cheap way of making skins is considered to be tearing. For such dressing, the skins are dried in a fresh-dry way, why they are soaked in milk and then manually tearing each centimeter of the skin, at the same time separating and removing the film.
The chemical method is a step-by-step process, the first of which is soaking. For soaking it is necessary to use a mixture of table salt, formalin and water, in which rabbit skins are soaked for up to twelve hours. This process allows softening the skin structure of the skin and making it elastic. If desired, formalin can be substituted for norsulfazole, or furatsillin.
The stage following the soaking is called mashing. The soaked skins are stretched on a wooden wedge-shaped rule and with the help of a blunt knife, scrapings are removed from the surface of the remains of fat and meat. At the same time, the scraped are performed towards the head from the tail. Then the surface of the skin is degreased by rubbing with sawdust (preference is given to non-lean breeds) or bran. After that, the skins are washed using soap or detergent and wiped dry with a dry cloth.
The third stage is souring. The process of souring implies the soaking of rabbit skin in a specially prepared solution, which includes a mixture of rye or oat flour, baking soda, salt, yeast and water. The solution volume is calculated by the formula “one kilogram of pelts per three liters of water”. The process of sap takes an average of 2 to 2.5 days.
After souring, the fourth chemical process of dressing begins – the prolezhka. The fermented skins must be easily wrung out (the skins must retain a small amount of moisture) and stacked under a sinker, whose weight can be from 15 to 20 kilograms. Thus, the skins will be cured for 1.5-2 days, after which the skin should be placed in a soda solution for one hour. This is necessary to completely neutralize the acid, which can remain on the surface of the skin.
Tannage is the pre-last stage in the process of chemical dressing of skins.
There are two main types of tanning: tannic (using a mixture of salt and concentrated decoction of willow branches and bark) and chrome (a mixture of salt and chrome alum is used). The average duration of tanning is 12 to 48 hours. Time can vary from the thickness of the skin. Thus, the tanning of skins of young animals requires significantly less time than the more mature ones. To accurately determine the time during the whole process from the skin, in the groin area, it is necessary to take a control cut of the skin. With the help of a magnifying glass on the cut of the skin, the process of penetration of a tannin (it is usually bright yellow) into the thickness of the skin is easily seen.
The final stage is fat.
For the lining of rabbit skins, traditionally use two compounds to choose from. The first composition is a mixture of egg yolks and glycerin, which must be beaten and mixed. And the second composition is nothing more than a mixture of animal fat, ammonia, soap and boiling water. Any of these compounds is applied to the surface of the skin and left to four by itself.
After the skins dry up, they must be carefully stretched and stretched. Then the masdra is rubbed with chalk, and the hair is brushed. Some experts insist on additional treatment of sandpaper with sandpaper. This additional operation allows you to achieve a higher elastic and smoothness of the skin.
After passing through all the steps, the skins are ready for use (for example, sewing).
Dressing rabbit skins