Excessive moisture adversely affects the site. Water can stand for a long time and contribute to the rotting of plants and the destruction of the foundation of buildings. The source of moisture can be not only atmospheric precipitation, but also groundwater. Drainage will solve this problem, it is not difficult to do it yourself.
The drainage system is divided into two types: surface drainage, deep drainage. In order to divert the water that was formed as a result of seasonal floods or precipitation, it is sufficient to make surface drainage. Groundwater can be diverted with the help of deep drainage. It is necessary to correctly calculate the source of moisture and choose a reliable type of tap.
Surface drainage is point and linear. The method of point drainage of moisture is simple and effective. Water is diverted to special collections, which are arranged so that the liquid drains by gravity. Place the containers in the places of greatest congestion.
The system of linear drainage will prevent erosion of the foundation of buildings, washing away a layer of fertile soil, etc. The main thing is to design the system correctly, which is a complex of trenches.
It is important to place the grooves at the required angle, equipping them with special trays. The system is located at the edges of the site and in places where there is a large accumulation of water. The precipitation is collected in a common well or in several collections. Both types of drainage work efficiently, it is necessary to regularly clean the collections and channels.
An important point is the layout. It is necessary to properly locate wells, equip grooves with trays. Errors in planning can cause erosion of buildings and even the flooding of the basement. Trays for drainage are closed with a protective grill, this element is also part of the decor. To clean the pan, the grille must be raised. Such a system is effective both in protecting the foundation and garden paths, and at the risk of erosion of the soil.
Deep drainage is a complicated version of water disposal. For installation, it is necessary to place the pipes underground, for this purpose trenches are excavated. Grooves need to dig according to the “herringbone” scheme, such a branching will increase the efficiency of the system.
It is important to correctly determine the direction of the flowing water, for this it is sufficient to observe during a shower. Pipes for the drainage system are easy to find, but it is also possible to adapt another type of pipe for draining water.
You will also need geotextiles, you can choose your choice on any water-permeable material. After laying pipes it is better not to rush to dig holes. It is necessary to see whether the sewage system works. When stagnating water in the trenches or vice versa, staying on the site, you need to choose another slope.
The connected pipes need to be wrapped with geotextiles, which will prevent clogging of the whole system. The depth of the drainage should not be less than half a meter. If it is necessary to operate the system at low temperatures, the depth of occurrence should be increased.
Wells for collecting water will allow for faster drainage of the site, but for piped water and atmospheric moisture, piping systems are sufficient. You need to fill the depressions with rubble, for better access to water. It is better to bring water out of the site. Despite the standard approach, the drainage system is selected individually for each site, based on its characteristics and location.
Any drainage system has a standard circuit that includes pipes, a well and a collector for withdrawal. The main problem of moisture withdrawal is the correct inclination. Sometimes just choosing a direction is not enough, additional mounds will help to fix the situation. To do this, you need to draw up a plan correctly. It is possible to pump water from the wells with a pump, thus providing a forced withdrawal. It is the proper design that will ensure the efficiency of the water disposal system.
Drainage of the site with your own hands