Substandard feed, poor lighting, rotten litter and stale air can cause mass mortality among geese, provoked by such common diseases among these birds as:
1. Aspergillosis. The disease affects adult geese and geese, located in a poorly ventilated room with rotten wet bedding. The disease is extremely difficult to detect, since its course is sluggish. Many owners, do not even suspect that unexpectedly started to lose weight geese, are actually sick and need treatment. The causative agent of aspergillosis is the mold fungus, which is not easy to get rid of. Most of the “supposedly” healed birds become just a carrier of the fungus, because veterinarians advise farmers planning to get geese in advance to take care of the disease prevention by treating the premises with solutions of formalin and copper sulfate, which serve as an excellent protection from mold;
2. Salmonellosis. The disease affects the digestive tract of small goslings, most of which die. In fact, salmonella does not respond to treatment, only the strongest goslings can survive, after which they for a long time lag behind in growth and development from normal healthy individuals. The main signs of the disease are lethargy, lack of mobility, lack of appetite, reactions to irritants, suppuration of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes. The cause of salmonellosis can be poor quality food, disease-causing air, rot and increased humidity, contributing to the development of bacteria, which can only be got rid by intensified treatment of the room with hydrated or chlorine lime, as well as formalin. It should be borne in mind that the bacterium tolerates heat well and is able to exist in the open ground for at least 3 months, and for humus as much as 2 years;
3. Colibacteriosis. With this disease goslings and young geese get infected while still in the egg. Adult individuals may also become ill, but only after feeding are they not enough of boiled eggs. It is difficult to determine the signs of the disease, the opening of the fallen youngstock shows a strong damage to the intestine, whereas in adult geese the autopsy shows an inflammatory process in the oviduct and ovaries, as well as peritonitis. The best way to fight the disease is prevention with the use of the above substances;
4. Cholera. Cholera, or pasterollez is one of the most dangerous and common diseases among geese, with a mortality rate of 80-90%. The causative agent of the disease is transmitted from sick geese to healthy through the nasopharynx and litter, and pigs and rats may also be carriers. Only the experienced veterinarian is able to notice the first signs of the disease, in most cases birds die without significant reason, only an autopsy can detect the disease. Treat cholera with antibiotics and sulfanilamide preparations. Independently treatment, in order to avoid the death and spread of cholera to neighboring poultry houses, it is better not to conduct. The dead bird should be burned.
The diseases described above are the most common causes of geese death. It is very important not to eat unexpectedly died goose, even if it looks healthy. In the absence of a veterinarian nearby, autopsy can be done independently, paying attention to the presence of internal injuries, build-ups and blisters on the liver, lungs and other important components of the goose organism.
After revealing obvious signs of the disease, you should thoroughly wash your hands, pack the bird in a bag and take it to the nearest veterinary laboratory for a study. To cook and fry infected meat until the diagnosis of a specialist is not recommended, as well as eating eggs that have been demolished by the goose in the period preceding the death.
Diseases of geese