High yields of corn shows after beans, beets, buckwheat, potatoes. Corn is not recommended to plant after millet – there is a high probability of such a pest as a corn moth. Land for corn should be prepared from autumn. For this, the soil is digested, after which the fertilizer is introduced and again thoroughly digged. After a few weeks, the weeds appear.
Corn most in need of nitrogen and phosphorus that can be seen on the plant itself – if you turn yellow and dry leaves, the lack of nitrogen, and if they turn red, then phosphorus. If the soil is rich in phosphorus, the seeds will germinate much faster, and the potassium content in the soil increases the resistance to various diseases, it is a deficit testifies to stop development, shrinking grain and vyspevayut, and the leaves on the ends are affected by burns. Sour soil must be limed with a special lime-pushenka at a rate of 10 squares about 2.5 kg.
Cultivation of corn from the seed: Grow corn from the seed begin in the last decade of April or early May. In a prepared pit approximately 60 * 30 cm in size, several seeds are placed at a depth of about 5 cm. Once the seedlings have sprouted, they are thinned and left by a few of the strongest. This is done to increase air roots.
Corn is a monoecious plant (it is capable of self-pollinating) and therefore it is necessary to grow this crop in several rows for cross-pollination, otherwise pollen will have to be done on its own (pollen is shaken into the container, after which the embryo is opened and a bit of pollen must be scraped out). Do this in the morning, several days in a row. Growing sprouts:
Some gardeners recommend the cultivation of corn using seedlings, which is especially important for the cold regions of Russia, where the warm interval is quite small. For this method of cultivation, the seed is planted in containers previously pre-filled with nutrient soil (bought in the store, or made independently of sand, peat and compost in a ratio of 1: 1: 2, about 200 g of wood ash are added to half the bucket of the prepared soil).
In each glass the seeds are sown approximately to a depth of three centimeters. From above, the grain is lightly sprinkled with sand so that a few centimeters are missing to the edge, which if necessary fill up the soil or water the seedlings with water. For the first time, the seedlings are fertilized about ten days before transplanting into open soil, after which they are well poured with water and sprinkled with a layer of sand about one centimeter.
To obtain a high yield, several rules should be followed: – Timely loosening the soil in good time, without damaging the root system; – Thin seedlings; – If necessary, feed the seedlings. – Timely pasynkovanie, which is carried out with the appearance of twenty-centimetric lateral shoots. Which must be carefully cut from the stem, while not damaging it. If you do not spend pasynkovanie, they thin the leaves and create a shadow, which negatively affects the yield. During the growing season, corn needs to be treated from various pests and diseases – a Swedish fly, a real wireworm and a false, corn and meadow moth, a dusty and bubbly head, bacteriosis.
Maturity of the cob is determined by the state of the brush, which looks brown and dry. Points on the grains of culture indicate a lack of maturity. In this case, you need to wait a few days.
Corn: growing and grooming