This plant is also called chokeberry aronia or literally from the Greek – black fruit. Although it blossoms and fruits it looks like ordinary mountain ash, but they are not close relatives to each other. These two plants have different genera that belong to the same family.
Description of mountain ash black
This plant comes from America, which grows from two to four meters in height. When the rowan is still young, the crown is compressed, and already at a more mature age the plant becomes more spreadable and grows up to two meters in diameter
The leaves are four to eight centimeters long and five centimeters wide. In their shape, leaves are elliptical, which in the second half of September are acquired in red and purple
Flowers on the plant have a double perianth, and five free petals. The ashberry blossoms with a slightly pinkish color. The flowers are collected in dense inflorescences up to six centimeters in diameter, the flower itself has up to twenty stamens. Blossoming of mountain ash black begins from the middle of May to the beginning of June. Flowering of mountain ash occurs within twelve days
Fruits The berries of a globular plant are black. Fruits of the plant reach eight millimeters in diameter. They taste sweet and sour with a tart taste. The rowan fruits can be harvested in late August, early September
Chemical composition Aronia blackberry is grown not only as an ornamental plant, its fruits are used both in the food and drug industries. The composition of the fruit includes:
- Glucose; Sorbitol; Vitamins P, C, E, PP; Carotene; Iodide compounds; Pectin and tannins.
Pharmacological properties For medical purposes, not only the fruits of the plant, but also the leaves of the mountain ash are used. It is used for such diseases:
- Hypertensive diseases of the first and second stage; Disease of the musculoskeletal system; Corey; Typhus fever; Scarlet fever; With an allergic reaction.
Also, mountain ash helps strengthen the walls of blood vessels, and leaves contain substances that improve liver function.
Caloric content and nutritional value of mountain ash
These berries are very low-calorie and are considered a dietary product, in a hundred grams of berries contains only fifty-two calories. These berries need to be used for people with excess weight. A hundred grams of berries contain:
- Proteins – 1.5 grams; Fat – 0.2 grams; Carbohydrates -10.9 grams.
Folk recipes for the use of mountain ash
Rowan is also widely used not only in cooking, but also in the treatment of diseases by folk remedies
Strengthening infusion For this infusion it is necessary to take twenty grams of rowan fruit and pour two hundred grams of boiling water, then put the tincture on the steam bath for ten minutes. After drain the tincture, wring out and remove the berries. This broth should be drunk one hundred grams four times a day
Rowan for the prevention of atherosclerosis This requires a minimum of six weeks to take a hundred grams of fruit. Fruits are consumed three times a day for half an hour before eating.
Rowan in cooking
In addition to the fact that this berries are used for medical purposes, it is also used in compotes, jams and wine
Preparation of jam For jam, you need to take two kilograms of mountain ash berries and pour hot syrup. For syrup take two kilograms of sugar and pour a half liter of water, put on the fire and with stirring bring to a boil. Filled berries with syrup are insisted for eight hours, after they are put on fire and brought to a boil
After the jar, they let them brew for another eight hours, and after that they bring it back to a boil on low heat and canned to cans.