Chinese cabbage is a vegetable that belongs to the subspecies of turnips. The plant was widely used in cooking. The process of care and planting of Chinese cabbage is different from the white-headed
Features of care and cultivation Chinese cabbage refers to a variety of rapidly ripening plants. The period of ripening of its varieties is:
- Early – 40 – 45 days; The average – 55-60 days; Later – 60-80 days.
The optimum temperature for cultivation of Chinese cabbage is 15-22 degrees. If the day is long, but the temperature is at a point lower than 13 degrees, the cabbage starts to bloom and shoot arrows
To prevent this, experts advise:
- Do not plant seeds too close together; To give preference to varieties that are resistant to flowering; Cultivation should be carried out with a short light day.
Cultivation without the use of seedlings Sowing seeds in the open ground should be carried out from late April to mid-June. Between crops should be an interval of 10 – 15 days. The distance between the seeds should be at least 15 – 25 cm. The planting material is placed in the ground to a depth of 1-2 cm. If the weather is cold outside, the bed should be covered with a film
Chinese cabbage is susceptible to pest attacks. To protect from them, the soil should be sprinkled with ashes. One of the pests is the cruciferous flea. Because of her, it is impossible to grow Chinese cabbage on a site where cruciferous plants used to grow. Seedlings of plants must be thinned out
The procedure is carried out after the appearance of the 1st present sheet. In this case, about 8-10 cm is left between the plants. The next thinning should be carried out when the leaves of nearby plants start to close. This time between them leave a distance of 20 – 25 cm
Growing with seedlings If the gardener is going to grow Chinese cabbage with seedlings, he should remember that the plant is very sensitive to transplant. It is impossible to breed by picking. Seedlings should be grown in small pots with peat, and then planted with them
Growing on seedlings reduces maturity. The seed sowing time for growing seedlings depends on the type of soil on which they will be grown in the future. If it is protected, cabbage should be planted in late January – early February. If it is planned to grow on the open ground, then it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in March – early April
For growing seeds on seedlings, loose soil is required. It is better to use a coconut substrate. He will most like the Chinese cabbage and will get healthy young plants ready for planting on the open ground
For seeding to pass evenly, the seeds should be mixed with sand and placed in prepared soil to a depth of 1 cm. After 25 to 30 days, the seedlings are ready for planting on open ground. Young cabbage should already have 4 – 5 real leaves
Care for cabbage Chinese cabbage loves light, moisture and has a resistance to cold. It is able to withstand freezing up to – 6 degrees. But too hot weather for plant growth does not fit
The main task of caring for a plant for gardening is abundant watering of cabbage, small loosening of the soil at the roots, weeding of weeds and protection against pests. The plant develops poorly with a lack of moisture, so watering should be done in a timely manner
However, too much moisture is harmful. It can lead to decay. If the plant is grown in an area where prolonged rains are not uncommon, cabbage will have to be protected from them.
Chinese cabbage or Peking cabbage