Chinese cabbage, like any variety, has its own distinctive features. It has delicate leaves with juicy delicate petioles and wrinkled plate up to 35 cm high. There are varieties that form cabbage or rosettes of various shapes and densities.
The distinguishing features of Chinese cabbage farming technology include: – The most suitable temperature for germination is from 15 to 22 degrees. – Due to the precocity of even late crops for a season, it is possible to obtain several crops. Early varieties ripen in about 55 days from shoots, medium to 60 days and late to 80 days. – Possibility of year-round growing; – If the temperature is below 13 degrees with a long day, then blasting and blooming begins.
To avoid arming, you must: – Avoid thickening of crops; – Plant varieties that are most resistant to flowering; – Grow during a short light day (late varieties should be sheltered from the evening by the light, and in the morning to open). Agrotechnics: Chinese cabbage is grown both by seedlings and seedlings.
Seedling method of cultivation. During this method, it should be remembered that this variety is quite demanding for transplantation and root damage and therefore it is desirable to grow it in peat cups, which are then planted in the ground. It categorically can not be grown with a dive. Growing seedlings 1 yield can be obtained about 3 weeks after transplantation. Sow seeds for seedlings given the type of soil:
-in a closed ground sow in the last decade of January or early February; – in the open – in the last decade of March or early April. The land for cabbage seedlings of this variety should be light and loose, for example a coconut substrate, it ideally meets the necessary requirements and gives good seedlings. For a more even seed, the seed is sown with a balance to a depth of one centimeter. Transplant seedlings can be done in about 30 days, sprouts already have about five real leaflets. To transplant the seedlings to the ridge, the site should be light, well lit, rich in organic matter, well drained and neutral. The seedlings are planted according to the following scheme: – 10 * 10 leaf varieties and 20 * 20 heads in closed ground; – in the open ground 30 * 25cm.
Bezrossadny way. In the last decade of April or early May, cabbage seeds of this variety are sown to the ground at intervals of up to two weeks. The planting scheme should be the next 15 * 25 cm. For this, it is necessary to sow seeds by one of two methods:
– Strip line method with thinning. The distance between the tapes should be 55 cm, and between the lines 25. During the growth period, two thinning takes place – the first one, when one real leaf appears, between the seedlings it is necessary to leave approximately 9 cm, and the second – when the leaves begin to close. In this case, there should already be a distance of about 25 cm between the seedlings. When planting in the holes to a depth of about 1.5 cm for 3-4 seeds, the distance between the nests is about 35 cm, followed by thinning. If the temperature has not yet established, then the beds should be covered with a film. Unlike adult plants, seedlings can die during small frosts. To protect from the flea, the soil must be sprinkled with wood ash.
Chinese cabbage is a light and moisture-loving culture, adult plants are quite cold-resistant and can withstand up to -6 degrees. But the most suitable temperature is 15-22 degrees, the higher temperature causes burns on the leaves. Care for cabbage is contained in regular watering, loosening and control of pests or weeds. During the growing season, it is recommended to feed the mullein two times at the rate of 1: 8, where one part is Mullein, and 8 – water. During weeding and loosening, care should be taken so that the tip of the seedling is not filled up.
Chinese cabbage leaves