If you follow the basic rules, you can get a good harvest from your cherry every year. Most of the varieties of cherries are self-fruit, so when planting seedlings, you need to consider that a number of growing pollinating trees. Otherwise, the harvest will not be easy to achieve
Sad cherries are similar to other fruit bushes and trees. You do not need to add manure or nitrogen containing fertilizers to the planting hole. Such top dressing should be used in spring and after flowering
In the early years it is necessary to provide cherry with good soil. Planting inter-row crops between trees will saturate the soil with valuable substances and reduce the growth of weeds. This landing is recommended to be carried out until the tree reaches the age of 4-5 years
In the spring, it is necessary to dig through the soil next to the tree trunk. This will ensure rapid warming of the earth and free access of oxygen to the roots. Regular loosening prevents evaporation of moisture. Loose the land until the first decade of July
In order for the cherry to fructify well it is necessary to water well. The first watering is carried out at the time when the tree blossoms, the second – at the time when the fruits are ripening. The last watering is carried out in October, when foliage falls from the bush. Each tree will require about 3-6 buckets of water
When growing, you need to pay attention to the formation of the crown. Bush-like cherries have 2-3 trunks, tree-like – 1 trunk. It is necessary to monitor the growth of branches. With normal growth, they grow by 30-40 cm per year. A small increase indicates a shortage of moisture and nutrients. With a gain of more than 40 cm, shortening is required
Fertilizing in spring Fertilizers in the spring for the first time are brought in when planting a seedling in the ground. After that, look at the increase in the length of the branches. If it is not less than 30 cm, then no additional fertilizing is required. If the gain is less, it is necessary to carry out fertilization in the spring with the use of ammonium nitrate
An adult bush in the spring is also fed in addition to saltpeter potassium salt and superphosphate. Once in 3 years the soil is fertilized with humus. If the roots of the tree are frozen, the cherry grows poorly and is attacked by bugs and diseases using spraying with fungicides and insecticides. To improve the quality of berries apply fertilizers, which include boron
Feeding is also carried out in late spring during the growing season. For the first feeding, you can use 1 kg of ash per bucket of mullein. The second feeding is carried out after 15 days with nitrogen fertilizers
Watering in the spring is carried out after top dressing, and also after the appearance of the first berries. If rains are rare, watering can be increased.
Inoculation of cherries in spring
Cherry picking is carried out in the spring season (April-May), and in the summer (July-August), when the sap flow
Cuttings are cut before the inoculation. It is better to prepare them with the onset of winter, before severe frosts come. Store before the grafting of the cuttings can be in the refrigerator at minus 2 degrees. There are several methods: in a lateral incision, in a cleft, in a butt, with improved copulation and an eye for the cortex
As cuttings you can use:
1. Plum. It is suitable for most types of stone fruit trees. Choose a wild look. The inoculation is carried out in a cleavage.
2. Cherries. The most successful vaccination. Splicing occurs in a short time.
3. Turn. It is often used, since this vaccination always goes well.
4. Alycha. Common form, it has frost resistance and strength.
5. Bird cherry. It is very popular due to its prevalence.
Cherry: growing and grooming