Chemical composition of honey

Chemical composition of honey

Chemical composition of honey

Honey collected from different plant species differs in all percentages of the content of useful substances, but vital active elements contain each type of honey.

Its qualitative and chemical composition and biological value are in full correlation with the types of plants, soil and climate of their growth. In addition, the following factors have a great influence on the qualitative composition of honey: the time of its preparation, the methods of pumping out and the shelf life.

Uniqueness of honey structure

Honey is rich in carbohydrates, organic acids, enzymes, proteins, amino acids. It contains mineral substances, vitamins, natural bactericidal elements, phytoncides, hormones, aromatic and coloring elements, alkaloid substances and water.

In total, according to scientists, in honey there are more than 300 unique useful components. Their composition and percentage are practically identical with respect to the composition of the blood. That is why honey is a unique dietary product for human nutrition.

Carbohydrates. Any honey is, first of all, easily assimilated carbohydrates. On average, 36% of them are glucose and about 40% are fructose, they make up about 95% of dry matter, are fully absorbed, get into the blood practically without energy consumption: with 100 g of honey, the organism receives 330 kcal. Sucrose in honey a little – up to 2%, the average amount of dextrins – 1-5%. The content of fructose and glucose in different grades of honey is not the same. In buckwheat – about 35% of glucose and 40, 3% of fructose, and in acacia – 36% of glucose and 40, 4% of fructose.

Enzymes . In honey, diastase, invertase, and many other significant enzymes that positively influence the acceleration of the total metabolism have been detected. Their presence in the product confirms the natural origin of honey, because the enzymes fall into its contents with pollen or in the form of bees. Protein substances in it is 0.06 to 1%, honey paste contains up to 1.8%.

The organic and inorganic acid. In honey, a lot of apple, lemon, oxalic, tartaric and other acids that promote the normalization of acidity and increase the body’s immunity. Their content is from 0.5 to 550 mg in 100 g.

With honey in the body necessarily comes part of the pollen, which is especially rich in plant enzymes and vitamins. Honey has growth elements that increase vitality.

Minerals. Honey contains macronutrients: calcium and magnesium, iron and sulfur, sodium, phosphorus and iodine. It is rich in trace elements: zinc, copper, boron, chromium, manganese, lead and many more. The quantitative composition of honey elements is equivalent to their presence in the plasma of human blood. There are more than 40 species, each of them is vital for the body. The number of them in the mature product is from 0.005 to 0.832%.

Vitamins . Complexes of groups B, K, C, E, A, which are very rich in honey, provide regulation of metabolic processes, protect against vitamin deficiency or completely cure it. Normalize the work of the nervous system. Positively affect the work of all human organs, especially on the organs of hematopoiesis and blood circulation. The main feature of vitamins of honey is that they retain active biological properties unchanged for many years and practically do not collapse.

Water. Humidity of honey is directly related to maturity, it is an important indicator of quality. The indicators are 15-21.2% and are usually associated with the maturity of honey, the content of sugars in it, the weather conditions of collection and other processing conditions. Increased moisture promotes the appearance of honey fermentation and subsequent deterioration.

Chemical composition of honey

Essential oils of honey and its coloring elements.

They give honey the flavor and taste of those plants from which it is harvested. Coloring pigments give a dark or light shade. All of them are also biologically active and positively affect life processes.

Honey floral: lime, acacia, cotton always light color, can be white, the saturation of their calories is less than honey buckwheat, chestnut and heath. It contains mineral substances, vitamins, natural bactericidal elements, phytoncides.

Any honey, thanks to exceptionally useful chemical composition and high caloric content, has the ability to restore the body during and after the illness by increasing the immunity and regeneration of all cells and tissues. It kills germs, bacteria, fungi and cleanses the body of poisons.

Chemical composition of honey