Sharolises, so often called cows of the Charolaise breed, first appeared in the late 17th century in Eastern France by crossing several species of cattle bred there. The breed received its name from the county of Charolais, the area in which it was bred. At the moment, the Charolais breed is bred in many European countries. In Russia, this breed of cows appeared relatively recently. Only in 1998 from France to several regions (Tyumen, Kaluga, Belgorod), about 30 specimens were imported for reproduction
The Charolais breed is considered one of the largest breeds of livestock that is grown to produce meat. Its peculiarity consists in the fact that the animals gain weight and gradually gain weight, while practical without fat deposits
Animals of this breed have mostly white or cream-colored wool, without any stains. Head size is small, but it is wide enough. Neck fleshy, wide and short. The trunk is long enough, with a wide back part and a poorly developed submersion. The legs of the animals are low and large. The bony system is strong enough. Cows and bulls of the Charolais breed are very hardy, have a high life expectancy, are distinguished by excellent daily gain in weight, and also can often interbreed
The weight of adult cows is usually 700-800 kg., Bulls-producers – 1100-1200 kg. However, sometimes the mass of animals of the Charolais breed reaches 1100 kg. (cows), 1500 kg. (bulls)
Cows of the Charolaise breed often produce twins in the offspring, which is not characteristic of cattle. The weight of newborn calves is 38-42 kg. They take calves from their mother at the age of 8 months. At this time, the mass of the young animal is about 300 kg. Young Charolais is different from other breeds of cattle for a long period of intensive growth. The usual average daily gain is 1300 g. At the age of 1 year the bull-calves average 480-500 kg, and in the two-year-old they weigh 670-700 kg. (the percentage of output for slaughter is 70%). In the process of fattening in animals, mainly muscle mass is formed. This fact distinguishes the Charolaise breed from the others, because its meat has practically no fatty layer and is considered one of the most high-quality and expensive (refers to the “Marble” beef)
However, not only the quality of meat distinguishes cows of the Charolais breed, but also high milk production. On average, the annual yield is 1900-2000 kg. with a fat content of not less than 4%. Such indicators in obtaining milk are associated, first of all, with the influence of the Shorthorn breed, from which the history of charoleses
Bulls-producers of the Charolaise breed pass their qualities well to the offspring, which causes their frequent crossing with cows of other breeds. Such hybrids are characterized by good growth indicators and well expressed meat qualities.
Charolaise breed of cows