Nowadays, for the production of high-quality beef, the addition of all sorts of feeds and various advertised preparations to the animal feed is not necessarily necessary. Since ancient times, there are ways, tested for many generations. These methods apply only to bulls and are called castration.
Castration is the removal of the sex glands and is carried out by the bull-calves intended for fattening. After this operation, the taste of meat is improved due to a higher fat content in it. The increase in fatty layers occurs as a result of the interruption of the work of hormones and as a consequence, a decrease in metabolic processes in the animal’s body. However, castration somewhat slows down the growth rate of the live weight of the bull-calves in comparison with non-castrated relatives.
Castration is best in the spring-autumn period, since heat and cold do not contribute to the rapid healing of wounds. The suitable age of the animal intended for fattening is 3 months, if the bull-calves are left as labor, castration should be carried out in one and a half to two years.
Methods of castration
Preparation of bulls for castration is a general clinical examination of animals and keeping them on a twelve-hour hungry diet. In young three-month-old bull-calves, feeding is not limited. The most common methods of castration are circumcision, dressing of spermatic cord and castration with forceps.
The method of circumcision implies a surgical operation under which the ligaments are cut off and the testicles are extended. This castration is performed with fixation of the animal in a standing or lying position. For a bull operation older than 1-2 years, local anesthesia is used.
The method of dressing the spermatic cord is applied by casting the castration loop. This method is bloodless. Before casting the castration loop, a special clamp is sometimes used, which compresses the blood vessels and causes tissue death. A few days after castration of the castration loop testes disappear.
Castration with forceps is carried out for the purpose of destroying the vas deferens. The forceps are applied to the spermatic cord by sharp compression until the characteristic crunch of the vessel to be destroyed.
There are also chemical methods of castration. They are rarely used and are not considered very effective. These methods imply the introduction of chemicals directly into the testes.
Consequences of castration
The non-castrated bulls are usually aggressive and willful. Having smelled the smell of a cow, they become absolutely uncontrollable and can harm not only animals, but also people. After castration, the animals become much calmer, thereby facilitating the care of them. The trunk of the eunuchs develops evenly throughout all parts of the body, ensuring a proportional increase in the living mass. The meat becomes fragrant and tender with thin fatty veins.
The maintenance of cattle for fattening on a leash eliminates the expediency of castration. If unbonded content of animals is used, then it is necessary to take into account the breed of cattle to determine the need for castration. Bulls of specialized meat breeds can produce meat with a lower fat content than castrates. But this meat will have more rigidity and applies to lean varieties. In many countries, the cultivation of non-castrated bulls is less expensive and brings greater profits.
Castration of steers