Males of goats and sheep begin to smell unpleasantly when reaching puberty, emitting fetid odors to attract females. In general, there is no big trouble in the smell itself, but it negatively affects the quality of meat, which also becomes fetid and unfit for consumption. To get rid of an unpleasant smell it is possible by usual castration of animals, that is removal of sexual organs of the ram.
Castration is carried out in two ways – bloody and bloodless.
Castration of sheep should be trusted exclusively by a professional veterinarian, it is not recommended to carry out an operation to remove the ovaries independently, despite its seeming simplicity.
For castration, the veterinarian will need sharp scissors, silk threads, clean dishes, alcohol for disinfection and anesthetic – novocaine.
The sheep before castration should be tied up, or strongly clamped between the legs, so that the back part clearly protrudes and is accessible for manipulation.
Before castration around the genitalia of the ram, it is necessary to cut the hair to prevent it from entering the open wound.
The scrotum of the ram should be cut longitudinally, either crosswise, pull out the ovary, pull it in the narrowest place with a silk thread, then take the scissors and, pulling the skin carefully cut the ovary. Preliminary in the ovary itself, or the area around it, you should inject novocaine, using for this purpose a thin syringe.
With this method of castration of blood can not be avoided, the main thing to remember about is that both eggs need to be cut off, and after carrying out this operation, it is necessary to disinfect the wound, if necessary, to prick it with iodine, or sprinkle with potassium permanganate.
Over the next few days after castration, sheep must be kept separately, trying as often as possible to change their litter. Otherwise, the wound may become foul, and the animal may die.
Bloodless castration is performed by special Telyatnikov forceps. The vet does not produce any additional procedures, but merely takes up the forceps, seizes the ovaries along with the envelope covering them and simply bites them. An experienced veterinarian will perform the above preparatory manipulations beforehand and treat the site of ovarian excision.
Understand that the operation was completed successfully and the ovaries were removed by a characteristic crunch. If it is not observed, the forceps can be moved 1-2 centimeters higher, or lower. Such a move is an extreme measure, it is best to use forceps once, entrusting the procedure to a person with strong hands, which can easily squeeze forceps to the desired crunch. Each ovary is bitten off separately by forceps.
Castration of rams is usually performed at 2 months of age, but some veterinarians perform this operation at a slightly earlier age of 2 weeks. At this age on the scrotum and the ovaries of the lamb wear a specially made of vacuum rubber ring. The diameter of the ring is only about 1-2 centimeters, which contributes to a further slowdown and the subsequent complete arrest of ovarian development.
This method is considered among the veterinarians to be the most humane and painless, but nevertheless it can not be called effective enough, since it is impossible to foresee the further development of the ram, some so-called elastication for some animals causes much greater inconvenience than the castration process itself. Animals can stop eating and begin to wither, which should not be allowed in any case, it is necessary to kill such a ram as quickly as possible.
Castration of sheep