Castration is the removal of the gonads of male pets, so that they can no longer produce insemination of females. Castration of goats is quite simple and almost painless for the animal itself, which must be done exclusively by an experienced veterinarian in a hospital and using anesthetics and disinfection.
Unlike other animals, goats are castrated at the age of 3-4 years, that is when the male sex glands become incapable of reproducing a healthy seed, but it is possible to sell the animal for meat. Castration is carried out in two ways – open and closed, bloody and bloodless method.
Bloody castration methods
Before proceeding directly to the removal of the ovaries, it is necessary to give the animal an anesthetic, for which a small syringe in the scrotum, or at least 10 milliliters of a 3% solution of novocaine, or any other anesthetic, should be injected directly into the testis. It is important to understand that any actions with the sex glands to the animal will not be pleasant, therefore it should be properly tied up and held in the sacro-spinal position until the end of the ovarian removal operation. Anaesthetize not all goats, but only very old, young goats are well tolerated after the usual rubbing of the testicles with alcohol solution, or iodine.
Beginning to remove the ovaries in a closed way, the veterinarian should prepare the place for her – scissors for cutting the wool remove all the hair from the testicles, lubricate the scrotum with alcohol solution of iodine. After the manipulations described above, the veterinarian should pull the skin on the scrotum and cut off the upper part with the same scissors, trying not to damage the eggs, in order to save the goat from unnecessary pain.
Once the eggs are freed from the covering of their skins, several transverse and longitudinal incisions must be made on them, thus delivering the testis, and squeezing out the remains of the seminal fluid. It is important that the infection does not get into the wound that opens so you have to immediately strain the seed cord and make some small but sturdy stitches near its root, then cut off the already empty testicle and sprinkle with streptocid powder. This method of castration is the most painful and bloody, therefore it is used extremely rarely.
Most of the veterinarians castrate goats using the same techniques as in castration of large bulls, preferring to conduct an open castration method to a closed one. Castrating a goat in the open way, it is necessary to make several longitudinal incisions of the scrotum with a sharp scalpel and, after squeezing the testis, cut the seed canal.
Castrolling of small lambs
Small animals are most often castrated bloodlessly using Telyatnikov’s forceps. They start the operation only after reaching the animals two weeks old, for its implementation, the veterinarian should grab the seed canal with forceps, and grab a snack, as reported by a characteristic crunchy sound. You can do the procedure in one place only once, because if you do not get a snack from the first time, you should mark the forceps above and try again. The same actions are carried out and with respect to the second testicle. After completing the operation, it is necessary to decontaminate a small wound and make sure that dirt does not get into it, which necessarily leads to infection.
Another bloodless method of castration of goats is the elasticity that is carried out, also in the third week of the animal’s life and involves putting on a scrotum and testicles a special ring preventing the development of seminal fluid and leading to loss of the ovaries of their functions. The operation of influence does not influence the further growth of the goat.
Castration of goats – ways and precautions