When breeding pigs can not do without such a procedure as castration. By castration (chilling) is meant the procedure necessary to stop the activity of the glands of sexual secretion. Most often this procedure is carried out surgically. However, to date, there are other methods of castration, in particular hormonal, radioactive and chemical castration. The choice of casting method is always for the owner of farms, however, it should be remembered that the chemical, hormonal and radiation castration is quite expensive.
First you need to understand why you need to deprive the piglets of the genital glands of pigs (or rather the hormones produced by them). The fact that piglets grow and they begin to fully function sex glands, producing sex hormones, which in turn cause irreversible changes in the body and behavior of animals. Every month, piglets appear sexually. Because of this, the pigs become excessively restless, they lose their appetite, and consequently, their weight decreases. If the boar is not castrated with age, it will increase aggression, and they will fight each other and even possibly attack an individual. Another trouble is the possible non-planned coverage of young guinea pigs. In addition, boar meat has an unpleasant smell and therefore is not suitable for food.
The newest studies of the world’s leading livestock producers have shown that castration should be carried out at the earliest possible age of piglets (this bar is today determined at 10-45 days). During this period, the painful procedure is tolerated less painfully and with little loss of blood. Veterinarians note the following positive aspects in the castration of piglets at an early age:
– The animal does not have great physical strength, so for the operation, do not apply excessive effort to fix
– Since the piglets in this period are under the care of the sows, they are much easier to tolerate a stressful situation
– In the sow’s milk, there is a set of antibodies that help the wound heal much faster
– The earlier castration is carried out, the faster the wound heals
– Bleeding in small piglets is insignificant and does not endanger life
– All kinds of complications occur very rarely
– With an early change in the hormonal background (and this is inevitable after holostation), the growth and weight gain of young animals increases.
Many experts are discussing the timing of castration, but clearly the procedure should be carried out in the period up to 6 months of age. Otherwise, sexual instincts are not lost, which significantly complicates the process of growing animals.
By the methods of surgical castration, the procedure is divided into a closed and open procedure. For adult boars, only a closed operation is applicable. It is also performed in the case of inguinal hernia in an animal. It is customary to castrate an adult animal two months before slaughter.
Open operations are conducted in the case of young piglets. Depending on the weight for the procedure, a special setting is used or immobilization is made in a manner convenient for the veterinarian.
It should be noted that the operation should be carried out only when the young animal is healthy. It is believed that it is necessary to observe the animals after the castration procedure for four to five days. Particularly it is necessary to pay great attention to the process of wound healing and the actual well-being of the animal. It is very important that the animals in this period have a clean litter. Particles of the litter should not be small, as they can enter the wound and cause inflammation. In case of development of puffiness or excessive redness, you should immediately seek advice from a veterinarian.
Castration of boars and its need for breeding pigs