Carrots are the main source of carotene. This crop shows high yields on light soil, with good moisture content throughout the vegetation period, and is not afraid of cold weather. Germination of seeds can and at 3 degrees, but the most optimal temperature is up to 25 degrees. Seedlings can withstand small frosts (up to 4 degrees). When applying fresh manure, the fruits begin to crack, the same happens during a sharp drop in humidity. As soon as the seeds germinate, the carrot needs high humidity. Seeds slowly germinate due to the lack of essential oils, which give a specific smell, its absence indicates that the seed is not suitable for sowing.
Preparation of the land.
This culture prefers any fertile soil. To get a long carrot, it is necessary to prepare an over-grown bed with loose soil, which must be prepared from autumn, and in the spring, it is still thoroughly dig. If the land is poor, then in autumn it is necessary to lay compost to a depth of 1.5 bayonets.
For the planting season, carrot seeds can be sown up to 3 times.
To store carrots in the winter, it is sown in the spring.
For the Central region, early varieties are sown from the middle of April, and late from the end of April to the beginning of May. The width between the rows should be about 25 cm. For sowing seed, the seed should be sown to a depth of about 1 cm, for early spring sowing about 2 cm, and for late sowing to a depth of up to 3 cm. If sowing more deeply, the seeds will not get properly all necessary nutrients.
After sowing, the seeds are covered with a polyethylene film, which is removed when sprouts appear. The first thinning is carried out when the seedlings have two real leaves, and the second – when the diameter of the carrot is about 2 cm., After finishing the thinning of the plant, it is necessary to fertilize with mineral fertilizers. 40 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium salt, 25 g of ammonium nitrate are taken per 10 liters of water. During the growing season, weeding is carried out 5 times and at the same time the soil is loosened. This manipulation should be done after watering. Watering the culture is necessary in the evening.
Late-ripening varieties of carrots should be cleaned in anticipation of the first frost.
Tips for growing carrots:
1. The area for carrots must be chosen sunny – in the shade carrots begin to mellow.
2. If there was a delay with watering, the first watering should be weak, and after a few days start to bring it to normal. From low humidity suffer early juicy varieties of culture.
3. Carrots must be planted on a loose, well drained soil of normal acidity. That the roots were not twisted, after the preparation of the bed, it is necessary to wait about a week – during this time the land will settle.
4. To protect the culture from a carrot fly, it must be regularly planted.
5. Experienced gardeners recommend that carrots be planted next to a bow or even combine them on a single ridge.
Winter planting carrots.
The site for sowing should be prepared until the middle of October, after which fertilize with humus, dig well the soil, and make furrows 4-5 cm deep. Sow dry seeds before frost. After planting, the beds are covered with earth by 1 cm, then a layer of humus 4 cm thick should be poured on top. In the spring, it is necessary to gently loosen the top layer, and fertilize with the first fertilizer with the first fertilizer. Further care for her, as for an ordinary carrot.
Carrot growing and caring