To grape the bush perfectly developed and annually gave a qualitative and abundant harvest after it must be carefully looked after. In the spring and summer, you will have to work a little and carry out all the necessary agrotechnical measures.
With the onset of spring, the vine must be tied to the trellis and the plant is rolled. The actions consist in removing the roots, which are at a depth of up to 20 centimeters. Such machinations are necessary to ensure that deep roots can develop more intensively. In addition, the upper for the winter could freeze and especially from them it is necessary to get rid of. If the grapes are young, then it is recommended to perform skating in the summer.
Removing the aged bark
In the period when the rolling is carried out, one should also get rid of the old bark. To do this, you can use a brush with iron teeth or do it manually. However, it is necessary to perform these actions carefully, so as not to damage the young cortex and not form wounds on the vine.
The old wood can have dormant buds. Perhaps, from them there will be new young shoots. To keep the kidneys, cutting off the bark, you should be careful.
To apply fertilizers to the soil is necessary for the replenishment of soil with nutrients. This will have a positive effect on the condition of the bush and on the future harvest. Fertilize the earth experts recommend the spring before the bushes are opened.
In this case, it is necessary to take into account some features of fertilizing. Saturating the soil with only mineral fertilizers will result in the accumulation of salts in the soil. This can adversely affect the growth and development of plants. To avoid this result, organic fertilizing can be used in combination. Since it has the properties to absorb excess salts and promote the use of grapes of nutrients.
For these purposes, it will be rational to apply organo-mineral granules. In order to fertilize the soil of one plant it is necessary to take already overgrazed manure about 700 grams, also it is necessary to use ammonium sulphate of the order of 100 grams and 200 grams of superphosphate. Then manure should be passed through the sieve. Further, all components are mixed in one bowl with the addition of water in the amount of 2/3 cup.
After this, the resulting mixture can be twisted on an old meat grinder. Formed granules must be dried until the moisture evaporates completely. Then they can be introduced into the soil. One plant should have 1 kilogram of fertilizer per plant. Such granules should be kept in a dry room.
Fertilizers should be in the ground at a depth of 35-40 centimeters. To do this between the rows make grooves and put there feeding. After that, they fall asleep with soil. In addition, it can be excavated from both sides of the fossa bush and fertilized there. They should also be covered with earth.
After the fertilizers have been placed in the ground grapes must be watered. In this case, the soil must be saturated with moisture to the depth of the roots. Watering can be done along the row itself, pouring water into the grooves or small foci.
When there is a lack of water, it is best to perform focal watering. For this it is necessary to prepare several shallow holes. They should be located at a distance of about 40 centimeters from the grapes. Two or three will be enough. Then they need to be filled with water. After the moisture is absorbed into the ground, the holes and grooves are covered with soil.
If the watering of the grapes is carried out in the early spring, and the bush has not yet been opened, then you can fill the water with grooves that surround the plant. To keep the soil moist longer it must be maintained in a loose state.
Care of grapes