To date, the world’s most popular technology is cold content, or Canadian technology. The essence of technology lies in the cultivation of pigs on straw litter. Litter should be thick with a good straw with the necessary content of dry food and clean drinking water. The litter can be made from organic material, from sawdust or straw.
The lowest layer is recommended to do a thickness of about twenty centimeters. By the degree of wetting the first layer, it should be sprinkled with dry straw. Due to the putrefactive process of the first layer, thermal energy is generated. In this regard, the costs of heating livestock buildings are significantly reduced. It should be noted that for the maintenance of one animal, you need to spend about one kilogram of dry straw.
It will be rational to apply the Canadian way of cultivation in areas where the temperatures do not slip below minus ten degrees in winter. But the warmer climate is not predisposed to such a type of content. This is due to the fact that in the warmth the straw will be wet, and in the wet straw microorganisms will develop. And, as a result, animals will often get sick.
The Canadian system of cultivation is quite profitable in terms of its monetary costs. Animals on this system should be in a large hangar, in which there are no partitions. For example, as in ordinary pigsties. This contributes to the possibility of increasing the herd population.
Imagine only that the hangar, provided for in Canadian technology, can accommodate in its open spaces seventy percent more animals than a conventional pigsty with partitions. It will be a good saving on lighting, taking into account that the roof will be made of a material that will let light through.
Plus, everything else, animals will exist in more convenient conditions of detention. A spacious room contributes to a more active movement, as a result, to strengthen immunity, daily weight gain to half a kilogram. An important advantage of the presented method is the fast construction of such hangars and quick payback of this idea. This method is very suitable for growing animals on small farms and farms.
Following the Canadian technology, pig farms must be equipped with water heaters. And also there should be bunker feeders with combined feeds, so that animals have constant free access to drinking clean water and fodder. Therefore, the presented system is perfect for keeping animals for fattening.
However, the Canadians themselves do not so often use their developed way. And all the blame is expensive straw. For example, for the maintenance of one and a half thousand heads, it will be necessary to purchase straw for forty thousand American dollars. And plus, the transportation of straw will cost a round sum. Another negative factor for the inhabitants of Canada is the unpleasant smell of wet straw and the constant humidity in the hangar.
For a lot of small farms and farmlands, the technology of cold storage is extremely convenient, profitable and comfortable. Very attracts farmers the fact that the invested amount of financial savings in a fairly short time pays off. It should be noted that this method requires weaning piglets from the uterus at two weeks of age. And as soon as possible to translate them completely into feeding with quality fodder. This helps to increase the number of farrows each year, i. е. increase the productivity and number of the herd.
Canadian technology of growing piglets