The North Caucasus has always been famous for its good breeds of horses, most of which have lost their relevance today and are no longer being bred, but Karachayevskaya does not lose its popularity. This breed is common in most regions of Russia. It appeared in the fourteenth century, so it is almost impossible to establish the exact region of origin. Horses were widely used in military affairs, their growth was ideal for cavalry. Karachaevsky stud farm is the main divorce of this breed today.
Height at the withers of adults is on average 154 cm, chest circumference reaches 182 cm, girth of pastern 19 cm. The horse is powerful, for years of breeding it was possible to increase the parameters. The body is strong and hardy. These horses are adapted to difficult climatic conditions and easily tolerate the adaptation period in a new location.
Three types of this steam are divided, which are characterized by the physical parameters and volumes of the horse. Distinguish the breed of a characteristic type, massive and supreme type. One of the most popular types is characteristic.
Today, often horses of this type work under the saddle, they participate in the organization of pet grazing, are popular in mountain tourism. Despite the lack of the need to use the work of horses, nevertheless it is possible to find the teams in which the horses of this particular breed of the characteristic type are laid.
The top type of breed is more lightweight, they make up the value as traveling and often this type is chosen for equestrian competitions. They are good at gaining speed and often win in various competitions.
Massive type has low growth, their body is wide and stretched. Under the saddle, these horses are rarely used, more often they can be seen in harness. Of all types, this is the most undemanding in content and easily tolerates changes in weather conditions. Horses can be grazed in mountainous regions, compactness makes it easy to overcome obstacles and pass wherever the classic breed can not pass. In mountainous settlements this type is the most common, it forms herds.
The breed is well predisposed to reproduction of offspring, this figure exceeds 90%, which is higher than the average among other breeds of horses. The mare ripens quite late, but the life expectancy is high. Both mares and stallions can be in herds for at least 20 years and at the same time bring offspring.
An important advantage of the breed is the absence of inbred depression. This syndrome occurs often due to the mating of close relatives, when breeding purebred animals this process is simply necessary. It distinguishes breed and high work capacity, which makes animals irreplaceable in agriculture.
Today they continue to improve the breed, pairing its representatives with thoroughbred stallions. This is aimed at improving the physiological parameters that are necessary for victories in equestrian sports, as well as to better adapt animals to work in mountain areas. The breed is used as a basis for breeding new types of horses, the genetic potential of animals is very promising. Animals are resistant to various types of diseases, horses are distinguished by strong health and high endurance.
In the maintenance of the horse unpretentious, it is necessary to balance the nutrition, the presence of water and fresh bedding. Animals need to periodically comb out and bathe. Despite the full technical equipment of the army, today horses are also attracted to troops in mountainous areas. Animals are friendly and quickly get used to people.
Breed of horses “Karachaevskaya”