Aired the “Ayrshire” in Scotland, but the country today does not occupy a leading position on the number of livestock of this breed. The greatest distribution of cows was in Finland, the second place is worthy of Russia. The main advantage of cows is a high milk yield. A mature cow gives up to 9,000 liters per year. The quality of milk is high, and the taste is pleasant.
Mature individuals reach a relatively small size, the weight of a heifer is not more than 470 kg, bulls grow to an average of 750 kg. Body proportional, strong and dry, although the body is not stretched, short. Wide and straight back, joints strong, bones thin. Head light, horns of the correct form in the form of a lyre. The neck has an average size, the skin folds from the neck to the shoulders of the animal. It is the horns that are the hallmark of this breed.
In cows, the udder has the right shape, and the nipples are arranged symmetrically, so it is convenient to milk both manually and with the aid of the apparatus. The udder is large and wide in relation to the whole body of the cow, it looks simply huge. The body of a mature individual is powerful.
Milk is especially valuable because of the low content of somatic cells. Fat content averages 4%, which is a good indicator for cows with a high milk yield. Milk is not only fat, it has an interesting creamy taste, reminiscent of a plombir.
A distinctive feature of the milk of this breed is the poor upholding of the cream, which is due to the peculiarity of the composition. This detail makes it possible to obtain sour cream only by separation.
With the help of the device you can also separate the cottage cheese, it turns out fat with a creamy taste. Milk is a classic white color. Cows can be attributed to the most economical class, since a minimum amount of feed is necessary to get 1 kg of milk. The animal has a good appetite, so you can not break the feeding regime.
Heifers ripen quickly, they can be inseminated already in a year and a half. Some individuals first calf, and not reaching the age of two. The calf weighs up to 30 kg, on average for a year it collects about 250 kg of live weight. The small weight of the litter allows the cows to move their calving easier, and the survival of the offspring is kept at a high level. Temperament of cows is very active, and life expectancy is above average.
Recognition of the breed gives a red and white color. The coat is soft and short. The breed belongs to dairy, but the gobies are also bred for meat. Slaughter yield refers to the average indicators and is about 55%, which corresponds to the 18-month-old bull-calf age.
The breed is resistant to various diseases, but it is still recommended to vaccinate animals in time. One of the main advantages is the habituation to new climatic conditions. That is why the breed quickly spread all over the world and feels great both in Scotland and in the north of Russia.
The breed was excavated in conditions of high humidity, but today it successfully carries both dry air and frost. In the maintenance of the cow are unpretentious, you need a quality and balanced diet, on which the amount of milk, fresh litter and the presence of water in the water bowl depends directly. The animal should be periodically cleaned and washed, but it is better to avoid draft cows in the cold period. Place for the location of the cow should be chosen carefully, since with wet bedding and the presence of a draft, mastitis may appear, and this is a very common disease for this breed.
Buy calves need in proven breeding farms and with the availability of appropriate documentation. A thoroughbred cow of the breed “Ayrshirskaya” can not be cheap.
Breed of cows “Ayrshire”