It is carried out in any type of beehive: in multi-housing vertical type, Dada’s and sunbeds. In this case, one family contains 2 uterus. The hives are separated by a blind partition or mesh partition into two halves.
Bee houses, in which two queen bees work for the family, are more productive in collecting honey. Bees in the family are strong, they are much larger in number. After a half-starved winter, bees in a twin-tee family develop faster and are fully prepared for the main honey collector.
The reasons for connecting two families to one
The bimonth content is carried out in the following cases:
1. For cohabitation of bees in the cold season,
2. Combining weakened bees after wintering.
3. Families are connected if the uterus is killed in some one.
4. They are sown together artificially or naturally before collecting a large main honey harvest
The goal of resettlement and unification is the strengthening of weak families at the expense of the strong. This operation allows you to prevent the swarming of the bees. When unification occurs, the bee family’s strength doubles by the start of a large collection of honey, and the bees remain healthy throughout the entire honey season.
Forms of combining bees in the spring
The contents of the two queens are separated, through the diaphragm, and with their content in the general hive – through the grid, then the lattice.
The principle of the formation of families with two uterus is that one more womb is attached to the main family through the net. The grid makes impossible their struggle for supremacy in the family. To ensure that the bees in the hive do not hostile the partition – the grid in the multi-hull is changed to a grid after two families were formed only after 20 days.
Principle of bicarbonate content
Most of the bees of the old uterus should be located in a part of the bee nest where there is no mass passage of the young uterus and vice versa. The main number of open broods and one uterus are moved to the lower body. All printed broods with another uterus and a particle of open brood – in the upper.
One of the other housings is fenced off with a grate. Departure of bees occurs through the lower case, below there is an old uterus with mature bees. The new womb – the bee lives above, and its family replenishes with young bees from the printed brood left.
Gradually, in the process of growth, the ratio of families of both bees is equalized. Thus, it is possible to increase the number of bees and doubled the reserve of honey.
Ways of formation and strengthening of the family
1. The family can be strengthened by the addition of flying bees.
2. From one family to another add on the frame of bees and their brood.
3. Connect strong and weak families, or equivalent in strength.
Formation with the help of bee layers
Formation with the help of bee layers
For the merger, the layering is used, which is formed in the spring season, or at the end of the summer of the previous year. The bees from the layers are placed in the upper hulls of the hives and fenced off with a grid. The elderly uterus moves to the lower body, the bee colon reproduces further. After the departure of the old bee from the main nest, the upper, with a layer, the body is removed, and instead of it a shop is installed.
Sometimes displaced layers begin to swarm. In such cases, frames are placed in uninhabited beehives, barren uteri and queen cells are removed altogether, bees are placed in new hives. Then the hives are swapped.
With the addition of flying bees
In a multi-hull vertical beehive, the bees are released in 1 summer, then it is closed and another is opened which will lead them into the nest to the other uterus. On the hives horizontal with partitions put shops. Separate families store honey in one store.
Moving the brood in the honey frame
Some or several printed bee broods are taken from another enclosure and put to the main family’s nest for replacement of depleted bees.
In one case, another is placed on top of it. In that at the bottom leave most of the family and about 2/3 of the brood within. It leaves the old uterus.
The upper house, where there must necessarily be two tap-holes from opposite sides, is filled with the remaining frames and bees and put there the nucleus, in which the spare queen bee. In this case, strengthened bees will bring the first harvest of honey.
Before taking the last collection, the layers are combined with the families. The diaphragms of the section are removed. The queens do not hurt, the bees will choose their own uterus. If you want to increase the number of bees, keep the brood to the spring, then the womb of two is planted in cores.
The process of keeping two-sucker families, in fact, is no different from caring for ordinary bee families. The main difficulty lies in the operation of uniting two families into one, transferring and placing another uterus to them. The queen bees are not peaceful.
Bicarbonate content of bees