Bee yourself

Bee yourself

In our time buying in the market and in the store of quality products is a pleasure not from cheap, modern owners of summer cottages and small houses in the village it is much more profitable to independently grow most of the products, plant animals, including bees. Bees, as you know, can not do without a reliable warm hive, which is much cheaper to build with your own hands, rather than buy in the store

In beekeeping, two types of hives are used: horizontal and vertical

Bee yourself

The first are called sunbeds, the second risers. The most common are vertical beehives with two or several hulls. Multiple hulls can consist of 10, 12 and 14 frames. The standard of the hive is as follows: – height – 24 centimeters; – length – 45 centimeters; – width – 38 centimeters. These calculations are suitable for a small vertical beehive for 10 frames. You can build such a hive with minimal metalwork skills and the necessary materials. Modern hives are made of different materials, but the advantage remains behind the tree, usually used for this purpose aspen, pine, poplar and linden. The listed types of trees are considered to be the warmest and lightest, and it is from these that the best hives

Bee yourself

The thickness of the hive board must not be less than 4 centimeters, for which the boards are treated with a straightum. For the hive cut boards of the required height, length and width, then they are fastened with wood glue. With correct calculations, the hive inside should not be less than 45 centimeters in a square, and the distance from the inner wall to the frame should not exceed 0.8 centimeters. The distance between the frames should be 1.3 centimeters, while the width of the frame can be 2.5 centimeters, while the distance to the bottom of the bottom bar should not be more than 2 centimeters, and the distance from the top to the bottom bar of 1 centimeter

Bee yourself

Bee yourself

The distance between the back and front wall of the hive is calculated by the formula 4 + 4 + 45, where 4 is the thickness of the boards

The length of the side board is calculated by the formula 2 + 2 + 45, where 2 is the quarter size selected from the back and front wall, to which the side board is attached. By inserting frames into the hives, it is important to remember that the distance between them should not be too large, since the bees will try to fill it with honeycombs, or else with propolis wax

The fastening is also calculated based on a quarter selected from the side and rear walls. The bottom of the hive should protrude 5 centimeters outwards from the front wall of the hive

The construction of the hive is completed by the construction of two flares, the height of which should not be less than 1 centimeter, the length of 25 centimeters. The second flake is made at a distance of 7 centimeters from the edge in the form of a circle, or a slit

Buy such a hive in the store will not be easy, and build yourself much more convenient and faster. In the store you can buy only special settings for the hive, but not more than 2 packs per hive

The convenience of the vertical hive is the ability to attach to the hive at any time the second and third floors, which can not be done by dealing with the horizontal structure of the hive, although all the above calculations also apply to this variety of hives

Bee yourself

At the same time, a horizontal hive can consist of 16, 20 and 24 frames at a size of 30 by 43.5 centimeters, the bee nest in such a hive expands laterally. Horizontal hives are designed more for maintenance of assisting queens, they do not create great difficulties in transportation and allow placing bends for hibernation where the bee family is located

Bee yourself

A specially designed hive should be used to find bees not only in summer but also in winter, for which it must be insulated from the outside with the help of insulating cushions, which can be filled with sawdust, moss and dry leaves. The beehive is covered with a hive on top and sides, especially in severe frosts

So, having learned to make homemade beehives, the beekeeper can save a lot of money and gain a useful experience.




Bee yourself