The sheep breed, called “Askanian” is considered one of the best among fine wool sheep.
The new breed has high scores, as well as a fairly high percentage of pure wool, has a strong constitution, a body weight of up to 60 kg. In addition, the arid steppes in which the reserve is located should not become a hindrance to the normal growth and development of sheep, hence the new breed must have good adaptability.
The Ascanian breed of sheep has high productivity, sometimes the herds can be found on the territory of Russian farms. Several other breeds of sheep were created thanks to the participation in the crossing of the Askanian rocks, for example, the Azejbajan mountain merino, the Soviet merino and the Caucasian breed.
Of all Merino with fine wool, Askanian sheep are considered to be the largest. Their meat production is high. The average weight of the ram is about 100-110 kg, sometimes it reaches 120 kg, and the uterus is from 58 to 65 kg. The maximum weights of Askanian sheep are high: the weight of the uterus reached 120 kg, and the ram up to 180 kg (record level). Sheep have pronounced horns, and sheep are usually comola.
Askanian sheep are characterized by extremely abundant vegetation of wool to the very eyes, about 9 cm of wool in queens, and in males from 10 to 12 cm. The structure of the fleece is staple of medium density. Quality of wool fineness is 60-64. Askanian breed gives high values of wool cutting from 10 to 18 kg from a sheep, and from 6.5 to 8 kg from a sheep at the same time 43% will come out pure wool.
Sheep, native to the Kherson region give a good offspring. Fertility is about 120-130 lambs per hundred queens, and at the first lambing fertility is less than in the second and third (by about 20-30%). Specialists also state a good transfer of heredity. The higher the level of fertility in sheep, the faster they pay for the costs of their maintenance.
From the shortcomings of this breed, we can note a dirty fleece on the back, and also the fact that the wool is crimped weakly and not sufficiently balanced along its length. Some experts also add a small amount of fat in the Askanian sheep to the list of deficiencies.