Angler (angelic) breed is a breed of dairy cows. Their homeland is the Angeln peninsula, located in the German province of Schleswig-Holstein. The origin of angels is taken from small red-brown cattle, which was bred on the coast of the Baltic Sea
Farmers have created all the conditions for improving the constitution of this species of animals, which resulted in the beginning of the nineteenth century, among the remaining species of cattle was allocated the angelic breed. Later, after crossing angels with shorthorns, a breed of red German cattle was formed, which was called Angelnaya. After the 50-ies of the twentieth century, the breed was called Angler. In the Soviet Union, this breed of livestock was imported in 1962. The males were placed at special insemination stations in the areas where steppe cattle were bred. Milk yields from cows, obtained as a result of crossing angels with local breeds of cows, averaged 5 tons of milk per year. The fat content reached 6%, while in the milk of local cows the fat content did not rise above 4.5%
Representatives of the Angler breed of cows have mainly dark red or cherry color. On the head, neck and legs, the color of the coat is more dark. These animals in height reach 130 cm. They differ with a small head. The horns of the cows are long, slightly forward and upward. Color varies from light shade at the base to black at the ends. The neck is long and thin, with peculiar skin folds. Like other representatives of dairy breeds of cows, angels have a long body with an even, thin back, which passes into a slightly raised sacrum. These cows have good musculature, as well as a strong skeleton with widely spaced ribs and excellent joints. The udders of the cows of this breed are large with conveniently located medium sized nipples
Usually the weight of cows older than 2 years varies from 500 to 560 kg., And the weight of bulls can reach 1000 kg. Newborn calves weigh about 35 kg. And, because young animals of this breed very quickly gain weight, then at the age of a half-year-old the weight of bull-calves is 460-480 kg. (Yield at slaughter is 55%). The milk productivity of these cows is at a high level and is more than 5000 liters. per year with an average fat content of 6% and a protein content of 3.8%, which is why Angler breed cows are considered to be one of the best quality dairy products among all German breeds of cows
Bulls of the Angler breed are distinguished by excellent genetics, so they are often used to increase the fatty milk in red steppe cows. In Russia, angel breeding is practiced in the southern regions, where all the necessary conditions for feeding and keeping cows are available, which makes it possible to improve the skeleton of animals, their appearance, increase the body weight of cows and the amount of meat on bones. In addition, the work on breeding such cows is aimed at increasing milk yield under conditions of mechanical milking.
Angler breed of cows