For twenty years in the Altai Territory work was carried out on the creation of the Altai breed of sheep. From the 28th to the 48th years of the twentieth century, the Rubtsovsk State Farm and the Country of Soviets crossed local Siberian sheep with different breeds of sheep, among them were Australian merino and Caucasian breeds.
Local sheep were brought from the North Caucasus and were small in size. In addition, they were unstable to cold and lean, although their body was covered with a beautiful long coat that gave good scores. And it was decided to create such a breed that it was resistant to cold and, at the same time, it had a quality wool with a large percentage of its net yield after cutting. It was the Altaic sheep that gave impetus to the breeding of fine-wooled sheep in the East of Russia. Transbaikalian and Severokazakh merino were bred with the help of the Altai breed of sheep.
Altai sheep get along well with the severe frosts of Siberia. They have persistent immunity, and they rarely get sick, and with a little snow cover they graze well. Their constitution and strong legs allow them to make long transitions, and dense and high quality wool keeps the body from freezing. Sheep breeding is a very important part of animal husbandry in Siberia.
In severe frosts and temperature changes, few animals are able to live, develop and breed, therefore sheep, especially adapted to harsh conditions, there are especially appreciated, and their breeding is engaged in antidote. Altai sheep are good at conveying inheritance: their strong constitution and good wool cuttings, so they are actively used to improve some breeds. Altaic sheep live in almost all Altai Territory, but they are actively propagated in Mongolia.
So, what are the Altai sheep? These are animals with a strong constitution and good physique, otherwise they would not be so hardy. They have a wide chest, a straight back and well developed musculature, including strong legs. For better preservation of heat on their skin, there are a number of folds. Sheep with developed horns, uterus without horns.
The Altai breed of sheep is quite large, in the best farms of the Altai Territory the sheep weigh from 110 to 125 kg, while the uterus about 60-65 kg is the weight of elite breeding individuals. Some individuals reach a weight of 130 kg. It should be noted that in spite of the fact that the Altai breed was excreted mainly for wool, the meat indices are at a high enough level, which makes this breed even more valuable for breeding in places where climatic conditions do not spare the weak.
The wool of Altai sheep is used for the production of high-quality garments, valuable fabrics. In the region of 55%, the yield of wool is that when it is cut from an adult ram is about 10-11 kg, and from the queens – 6-6.5 kg. There are such herds in which about 25 kg of wool are trimmed from the ram, and from the wombs 10-12 kg. Wool 64 quality, length about 8 cm.
The fibers are well balanced in length and thickness, the wool has a good correct crimp. In addition, the sheep are quite early, with 100-100 lambs each having 120-140 lambs. In some breeding farms the fertility of the queens is increased to 150 lambs per hundred sheep. This is an excellent indicator that allows you to quickly pay for feeding sheep, and makes their breeding a profitable business.
The shortcomings of these sheep include uneven hair along the trunk, as well as in non-breeding studs, there are low indicators of wool cutting.
Altai breed of sheep