The design of a light and compact alpine hive was first presented to the trial of Russian beekeepers Roger Delon. In the early 80’s, after the publication of drawings in magazines, he had many admirers. The hive was recognized as the most comfortable and environmentally friendly for the reproduction and work of bees. And today, harvesting honey from such a hive surpasses all conceivable and unthinkable results in terms of the quantity and quality of honey than from hives of other designs, since bees are in it practically in natural conditions.
Advantages of hives Delon and Khomich
The turret, created on the principle of a hollow of wood, consists of several buildings. They have no ventilation holes and no gratings for separation. In fact, it has a lower one leaf through which the bees fly into the hive, where they swirl, swarm, build honeycombs, fill them with honey, according to their life in living nature. The air from below heats up, then rises, absorbs carbon dioxide, burdens them, moistens, descends and goes back to the ice.
In winter, bees occupy only two cases. The top of the hive is occupied by combs with honey. In the spring, the uterus migrates to lay eggs in another body, the rest of the beehive’s space is deposited honey.
The microclimate in the hive, which is regulated by an air layer – a pillow at the top of the hive and the bees themselves, does not allow them to freeze. In the house there is no excessive humidity, mold and moth do not appear, the hive does not overheat and is not supercooled.
Alpine hives are economical, their compactness allows to have a large apiary, and the simplicity of manufacturing does not require excessive expenses for building materials, in winter they do not need warming.
Hives can easily be moved and transported to another location, since their weight is low. Enclosures and frames have sufficient strength, even if the inside of the hive has high productive turns.
From one beehive, the beekeeper collects more than 20 kg of honey, since it contains the most efficient brood of bees and their families.
Special frames contribute to the production of honey honey, are not damaged during honey distillation, in addition, the design of the hive involves placing a large number of these frames.
The design of the modern Alpine hive
1. The Donets.
It is made from wood, then it is impregnated with linseed oil from inside. Attached to it are a landing board with a slope of 45 degrees and equipped with a slotted slot. The Donets are reinforced on the plinth on legs at a height of 20 cm from the ground. Removable version is replaced every year.
2. Shells are made of wood in the form of boxes with no bottom size 30X30. On the walls are installed combs of metal, on them frames, with an intermediate distance. Elements of the hull gradually build up.
3. The framework . The best variant of wood for frames is oak. The frame is usually 8. There are frames with black steel wire fixed on the bar. Or a frame made of wood. They can be with or without a honeycomb, then bees build honeycombs from wax themselves.
4. The feeder covers the compartments and consists of 4 walls, partitions for bees, in which there are 2 passes, a rack, a small cover and a bottom. From the stand bees are fed with syrup. Propolis forms on the bottom of the trough.
5. The hive cover serves as a protection against adverse conditions, tightly and firmly fixed by the clamping frames.
A cassette for collecting milk of queens is also included in the hive kit, queen cells are formed on it. Grid, which is attached to the cassette for the migration of bees. And clamping frames for fixing.
The turtle hive is usually collected gradually. In spring, the hive is made up of 2 cases, then the third is collected and put between 1 and 2, then increased to 1.5 meters.
The formation of honey occurs in 1 – 5 cases. It is important in time to pump out honey and correctly rearrange and clean the hulls so that the bees do not transfer honey from the body to the body.